Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist in referral, environmental assessment and compliance issues, refer to the Listing Advice and/or Conservation Advice and Recovery Plan. The Listing and/or Conservation Advice define the national ecological community and may include Key Diagnostic Characteristics, Condition Thresholds, Priority Research and Conservation Actions and additional considerations.
In addition, for recovery planning, mitigation and conservation information, refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Date Effective 16 Jul 2000
Listing and Conservation Advices For ecological communities listed from 2013 onwards, there is no separate listing advice. Instead, the advice from the Threatened Species Scientific Committee regarding the listing status of the ecological community and recommendation regarding a recovery plan are contained within the Conservation Advice.
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Assemblages of plants and invertebrate animals of tumulus (organic mound) springs of the Swan Coastal Plain (Endangered Species Scientific Subcommittee, 2000q) [Listing Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Community of Tumulus (organic mound) springs of the Swan Coastal Plain Interim Recovery Plan No. 198 (Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management (WA CALM), 2006d) [Recovery Plan]..
Federal Register of Legislative Instruments Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
Indicative Distribution Map(s) Map of Assemblages of plants and invertebrate animals of tumulus (organic mound) springs of the Swan Coastal Plain threatened ecological community (Environment Australia, 2003w) [Indicative Map].
Distribution Map Community Distribution Map

This map has been compiled from datasets with a range of scales and quality. Species or ecological community distributions included in this map are only indicative and not meant for local assessment. Planning or investment decisions at a local scale should seek some form of ground-truthing to confirm the existence of the species or ecological community at locations of interest. Such assessments should refer to the text of the Listing Advice, which is the legal entity protected under the EPBC Act.

For the legal definition of the ecological community please refer to the listing advice and other documents under Legal Status and Documents.

The heavy clay soils of the Guildford Formation on the eastern side of the Swan Coastal Plain have been formed through the accumulation of deposits eroded from the hills of the Darling Range to the east. Between Bayswater and Muchea on the eastern extremities of the Bassendean Dune system, the tumulus springs historically occurred where the sands and clays meet. The Bassendean sands contain the large superficial aquifer known as the Gnangara Mound. This groundwater is forced to the surface at a series of discharge points on the eastern boundary of the aquifer where waters encounter the relatively impervious Guildford clays. Discharge areas form springs, bogs, and swamps.

In the case of the tumulus springs, there is continuous growth and breakdown of vegetation that causes the formation of peat around the permanent water supply. Water continues to penetrate the increasingly elevated peat layers due to the pressure created by local and regional hydrological forces. Where water finds a 'preferred pathway' or conduit through the soil, water movement is much faster than normal groundwater flow. Such conduits or pipes may carry sand and silt to the surface, where it is deposited as a 'collar' of increasing height, so enhancing the formation of mounds.

The peat and surrounds provide a stable, permanently moist series of microhabitats. Intact vegetated tumulus springs are only found at three locations.

English, V. & J. Blyth (2000i). Assemblages of Organic Mound (Tumulus) Springs of the Swan Coastal Plain Interim Recovery Plan 2000-2003. [Online]. Wanneroo, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from:

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Assemblages of plants and invertebrate animals of tumulus (organic mound) springs of the Swan Coastal Plain in Community and Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed 2014-09-21T11:52:08EST.