Species Profile and Threats Database

Map Caveat

The maps indicate the present distribution of the species within Australia and the Commonwealth Marine area. The maps were developed to underlie the EPBC Act Protected Matters Search Tool to indicate likely occurrence in defined areas. The maps are not available for viewing at a local scale as they may contain sensitive locational information.

The maps are based on best available knowledge. For species where the distributions are well known, maps are digitised from sources such as recovery plans and detailed habitat studies. Where appropriate, core breeding, foraging and roosting areas are recorded. For species whose distributions are less well known, point locations are collated from government wildlife authorities, museums, and non-government organisations. Bioclimatic distribution models are then generated and validated by experts. In some cases, the distribution maps are based solely on expert knowledge.

Species of the following groups may have been mapped, however the maps may not cover the complete distribution of the species:

  • migratory shorebirds which have only been mapped in areas identified in A National Plan for Shorebird Conservation in Australia, 1993;
  • non-threatened seabirds which have only been mapped for recorded breeding sites; and
  • seals which have only been mapped for breeding sites near the Australian continent.


The maps has been compiled from a range of data sources. The Department of the Environment acknowledges the following custodians who have contributed valuable data and advice:

ANUCLIM Version 5.1, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, Australian National University was used extensively for the production of draft maps of species distribution. The Department of the Environment is extremely grateful to the many organisations and individuals who provided expert advice and information on numerous draft distributions.