Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), 2005
ISBN: 1 7412 2144 7
This document constitutes the formal Commonwealth and New South Wales State Recovery Plan for Daphnandra sp. C Illawarra (Illawarra Socketwood), and as such considers the conservation requirements of the species across its known range. It identifies the future actions to be taken to ensure the long-term viability of Daphnandra sp. C Illawarra in nature and the parties who will carry out these actions.
Daphnandra sp. C Illawarra is listed as endangered on the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 and as endangered on Schedule 1 of the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. It is a medium sized rainforest tree (family Monimiaceae) that is endemic to the Illawarra region of NSW. The species inhabits the rocky hillsides and gully slopes of the Illawarra escarpment and coastal lowlands, growing on soils derived from volcanic or fertile sedimentary rocks. Associated vegetation includes the subtropical, moist subtropical, dry subtropical and mixed subtropical - warm temperate rainforest types of Mills & Jakeman (1995).
D. sp. C Illawarra occurs in the local government areas of Wollongong, Shellharbour, Kiama and Shoalhaven, where it has been recorded from 36 sites on freehold land, three sites within Budderoo National Park and two sites on council managed land. The species is highly clonal and as a consequence, its total population size is expected to be low. Some sites are suspected of containing just one genetic individual.
Extensive clearing of the Illawarra lowlands since European settlement has destroyed much of the rainforest habitat of D. sp. C Illawarra and the remaining habitat is highly fragmented. Extant D. sp. C Illawarra sites are threatened by further clearing for agriculture, hard rock quarrying, residential development and road construction. Weed invasion, altered hydrological conditions, grazing and trampling by livestock and feral deer, and rubbish dumping also threatens the species.
The overall objective of this recovery plan is to provide for the continued and long-term survival of D. sp. C Illawarra in the wild by preventing the loss of populations of the species. Specific recovery objectives include:
- To prevent the loss of sites through land-use change;
- To identify and manage the threats operating at sites that contain the species;
- To provide the community with information that assists in conserving the species;
- To raise awareness of the species and involve the community in the recovery program;
- To establish the extent of the current distribution of the species;
- To promote research that will assist with the management of the species; and
- To maintain an ex-situ seed collection for the species.
It is intended that this recovery plan will be implemented over a five year period. The total of cost to implement the plan is $90,150 over five years, although this does not include site management costs or the cost of preparing and implementing Plans of Management for community land, as these costs are yet to be determined.
Bob Debus MP
Minister for the Environment