Weeds of National Significance
Department of the Environment and Heritage and the CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003
ISBN 1 9209 3200 3
About the guide
Bitou bush is a Weed of National Significance. It is regarded as one of the worst weeds in Australia because of its invasiveness, potential for spread, and economic and environmental impacts.
Bitou bush threatens coastal dune vegetation along Australia's east coast. It can outcompete and in many cases totally replace native flora, and it invades undisturbed as well as disturbed areas. Infestations of bitou bush drastically alter the environment for many native birds and animals. It can also create a favourable environment for other highly invasive weeds, such as asparagus fern, lantana and glory lily.
Ironically, one of the plants being choked by bitou bush along the New South Wales coast, golden wattle (Acacia longifolia) has become a major pest of coastal dunes in South Africa, where it was introduced to serve much the same purpose as bitou bush in Australia.
This management guide was prepared in 2003. The state and territory contacts in this document may be out of date.
For advice on weed control in your state or territory see the primary contacts on the State and territory weed management arrangements page.
Pest Management Unit
Office of Environment and Heritage
43 Bridge St, PO Box 1967, Hurstville, NSW 2220
Tel: (02) 9585-6587
Fax: (02) 9585 6402
Mob: 0427 104 448
|Extent in Australia||Potential distribution|
|WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, SA, TAS||Could further expand in current locations|