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Species Tectocoris diophthalmus (Thunberg, 1783)

Cotton Harlequin Bug

  • Cimex diophthalmus Thunberg, C.P. 1783. Dissertatio Entomologica novas insectorum species, sistens, cujus partem secundum, cons exper. facult. med. upsal., publice ventilandam exhibent. Upsaliae : J. Edman Pt 2 pp. 29-52 pl. 2. [30].
    Type data:
     Holotype ZIUU sex unknown, Cape of Good Hope (as Capite bonae spei); type locality incorrect.
  • Cimex lineola Fabricius, J.C. 1781. Species insectorum, exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin adiectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Hamburg et Kilonii : C. E. Bonn Vol. 1 viii + 552 pp. [Date published March 1781: Evenhuis 1997] [340] [junior homonym of Cimex lineola Linnaeus, 1758].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH Hem. 387 (Banks coll.) , Cape of Good Hope (as Cap bon Spei), South Africa (type locality incorrect).
  • Tetyra cyanipes Fabricius, J.C. 1803. Systema Rhyngotorum secundum ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Brunsvigae : Carolum Reichard x 314 pp. emmendanda. [133].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) ZMK 2 specimens sex unknown, NSW (as Nova Cambria).
  • Cimex banksii Donovan, E. 1805. An Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite, and other Islands in the Indian, Southern, and Pacific Oceans: including the figures and descriptions of one hundred and fifty-three species. London : E. Donovan, F.C. & J. Rivington iv 41 unnumbered pp. [29th page of unnumbered text, pl. III fig. 1].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH sex unknown, Australia (as New Holland).
  • Scutellera schoenherri Eschscholtz, J.F. 1822. Entomographien. Berlin : G. Reimer Vol. 1 (erste Lieferung) 128 pp. [99] [first introduced as Scutellera schönherri].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, whereabouts unknown sex unknown, Manilla, Philippines.
  • Scutellera cyanipoda Boisduval, J.B.A. 1835. Faune Entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. 2me Partie. Coléoptères et autres Ordres. pp. 1-713 in no editor given (ed.). Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Paris : J. Tastu pp. 1-713. [622].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, MNHP sex unknown, Tonga (as Tonga-Tabou).
  • Scutellera tongae Boisduval, J.B.A. 1835. Faune Entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. 2me Partie. Coléoptères et autres Ordres. pp. 1-713 in no editor given (ed.). Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Paris : J. Tastu pp. 1-713. [624].
    Type data:
     Status unknown, MNHP sex unknown, Tonga (as Tonga-Tabou).
  • Tectocoris gambiae Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [14].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 20 , unknown locality.
  • Tectocoris amboinensis Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 1-240. [14].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH sex unknown, Ambon, Indonesia (as Amboina).
  • Tectocoris obliquus Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 1-240. [13].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH Hem. 412 , unknown locality.
  • Tectocoris pusillus Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 1-240. [13].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH Hem. 411 , New Caledonia.
  • Tectocoris diophthalmus rufus Stål, C. 1871. Hemiptera insularum Philippinarum. Bidrag till Philippinska öarnes Hemipter-fauna. Öfversigt af Kongelige Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm 27: 607-776 [617].
    Type data:
     Holotype NHRM sex unknown, Philippines.
  • Tectocoris diophthalmus tagalicus Stål, C. 1871. Hemiptera insularum Philippinarum. Bidrag till Philippinska öarnes Hemipter-fauna. Öfversigt af Kongelige Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm 27: 607-776 [617].
    Type data:
     Holotype NHRM sex unknown, Philippines.
  • Tectocoris diophthalmus cookiana Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [306] [unnecessary nom. nov. for Tetyra cyanipes Fabricius, 1803: Blanchard, 1841].
  • Tectocoris diophthalmus peregrina Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [306] [unnecessary nom. nov. for Cimex lineola Fabricius, 1781].
  • Tectocoris diophthalmus venusta Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [307] [unnecessary nom. nov. for an unnamed variety of Scutellera cyanipoda Boisduval, 1835].

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Dallas, W.S. 1851. List of the Specimens of Hemipterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. London : Richard Taylor Part 1 368 pp. XI pls. [16]
  • Mayr, G. 1866. Hemiptera. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wällerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. I. Abtheilung. B. Wien : Karl Gerold's Sohn 1-204 pls I-V. [22]
  • Stål, C. 1871. Hemiptera insularum Philippinarum. Bidrag till Philippinska öarnes Hemipter-fauna. Öfversigt af Kongelige Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm 27: 607-776 [617]
  • Distant, W.L. 1899. Rhynchotal notes—Heteroptera: Scutellerinae and Graphosomatinae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 7 4: 29-52 [33]
  • Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [312-313]

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland


Extra Distribution Information

Torres Strait Ils, QLD—Brisbane, Cairns, NSW—Sydney, NT—Darwin; southwest Pacific and Oriental region; Philippines.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

NSW, NT, Qld: Australian Alps (AA), Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Arnhem (CA), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Desert Uplands (DEU), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Gulf Fall and Uplands (GFU), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Wet Tropics (WT)

Other Regions

Lord Howe Island terrestrial & freshwater

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, diurnal, folivore, herbivore (associated flora: Gossypium hirsutum L. [MALVACEAE] Cotton; Hibiscus tiliaceus L. [MALVACEAE]; Lagunaria patersonia G.Don [MALVACEAE] (orth. var.); Brachychiton acerifolius (A.Cunn. ex G.Don) F.Muell. [MALVACEAE] Flame Tree; Brachychiton australis (Schott & Endl.) Terrac. [MALVACEAE] Broad-leaved Bottletree; Brachychiton rupestris (T.L.Mitch. ex Lindl.) K.Schum. [MALVACEAE] Queensland Bottletree; Ficus sp. [MORACEAE]; Leptospermum sp. [MYRTACEAE] Tea-tree), omnivore, predator (host(s): Levuana iridescens Bethune-Baker, 1906 [ZYGAENIDAE]), sap-feeder, terrestrial, volant.

Extra Ecological Information

Maternal care, minor cotton pest, parasitised by Anastatus sp. nr. pentatomidivorus Girault (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) and Gyron hirsutioculus (Girault) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae).

 

General References

Amyot, C.J.B. & Audinet-Serville, J.G. 1843. Histoire Naturelle des Insects. Hémiptères. Paris : Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Rue Hautefeuille 10 B13 676 pp. [28 pl. 1 fig. 5] (description)

Ballard, E. 1925. Some of the causes of low-grade cotton. Queensland Agricultural Journal 23: 542-545 [542] (cotton pest)

Ballard, E. 1927. Cotton growing in Queensland. Part II. Pests of Cotton in Queensland. A Bulletin for farmers giving an account of the insect pests of cotton and their habits, and some measures for controlling them. Queensland Agricultural Journal 28: 589-614 [604] (cotton pest)

Ballard, E. & Holdaway, F.G. 1926. The life-history of Tectocoris lineola, F., and its connection with internal boll rots in Queensland. Bulletin of Entomological Research 16: 329-346 pls XV-XVI (biology, bionomics, parasitoids)

Black, G.M. 1968. Pentatomidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera) collected by the Noona Dan Expedition in the Philippine, Bismarck and Solomon Islands. Entomologiske Meddelelser 36: 560-576 [574] (distribution)

Blanchard, E. 1840. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes Orthoptères, Nevroptères, Hémiptères, Hymenoptères, Lépidoptères et Diptères. Paris : P. Duménil Vol. 3 85-218 pp. [159] (description)

Breddin, G. 1905. Rhynchota Heteroptera aus Java, gesammelt von Prof. K. Kraepelin 1904. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg 22: 109-159 [113]

Carayon, J. 1984. Les Androconies de certains Hémiptères Scutelleridae. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France ns 20: 113-134 (abdominal sternal androconial glands)

Cassis, G. & Vanags, L. 2006. Jewel Bugs of Australia (Insecta: Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Denisia Neue Serie 50: 275-398 [385] (redescription, diagnosis)

Dammerman, K.W. 1929. The Agricultural Zoology of the Malay Archipelago. The animals injurious and beneficial to agriculture, horticulture and forestry in the Malay Peninsula, the Dutch East Indies and the Philippines. Amsterdam : J.H. de Bussey ix 473 pp. [220] (Malaysia)

Distant, W.L. 1914. Report on the Rhynchota collected by the Wollaston Expedition in Dutch New Guinea. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 20: 335-360 pl. XXXIV [336] (New Guinea)

Distant, W.L. 1914. Rhynchota from New Caledonia and the surrounding islands. 369-390 pls xi, xii in Sarasin, F. & Roux, J. (eds). Nova Caledonia Forschungen in Neu-Caledonien und auf den Loyalty-Inseln A. Zoologie. Wiesbaden : C.W. Kreidels Vol. 2. [370] (New Caledonia)

Distant, W.L. 1920. Rhynchota from New Caledonia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 9 6: 143-164 [144] (New Caledonia)

Froggatt, W.W. 1907. Australian Insects. Sydney : W. Brooks & Co. xiv 449 pp., 37 pls. [Date published April 11, 1907] [327 pl. 31 fig. 11] (description)

Handlirsch, A. 1900. Neue Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Stridulationsorgane bei den Rhynchoten. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 50: 555-560 [560] (stridulation)

Handlirsch, A. 1900. Zur Kenntniss der Stridulationsorgane bei den Rhynchoten. Ein morphologisch-biologischer Beitrag. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums in Wien 15: 127-141 pl. 7 [131] (stridulation)

Herrich-Schaeffer, G.A.W. 1839. Die Wanzenartigen Insecten. Getreu nach der Natur abgebildet und beschrieben. Nürnburg : C.H. Zeh'schen Buchhandlung Vol. 5 pp. 1-60. [1, 2 figs 340, 342] (description)

Hoffmann, W.E. 1935. An abridged catalogue of certain Scutelleroidea (Plataspidae, Scutelleridae and Pentatomidae) of China, Chosen, Indo-China and Taiwan. Lingnan University Science Bulletin 7: 1-294 [35, 145, 165] (description)

Hori, K. 2000. Possible causes of disease symptoms resulting from the feeding of phytophagous Heteroptera. pp. 11-35 in Schaefer, C.W. & Panizzi, A.R. (eds). Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Boca Raton : CRC Press 828 pp. [17, Tab. 1] (physiology, as Tectocoris lineola (Fabricius))

Horváth, G. 1900. Hemiptera. in Semon, R. Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipel. Denkschriften der Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 8: 629-642 [630] (description, Tectocoris lineola)

Horváth, G. 1919. Hemipteren von den Aru- and Kei- Inseln. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 35(3): 305-314 [306] (Aru Is., Key Is.)

Javahery, M., Schaefer, C.W. & Lattin, J.D. 2000. Shield Bugs (Scutelleridae). pp. 475-503 in Schaefer, C.W. & Panizzi, A.R. (eds). Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Boca Raton : CRC Press 828 pp. [491] (bionomics)

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1901. Notes on some Rhynchota collected chiefly in China and Japan by Mr. T.B. Fletcher, R.N., F.E.S. The Entomologist 34(453): 49-52 [52]

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1902. On the parental care of the Cimicidae (Rhynchota). The Entomologist 35(475): 319-320 [320] (parental care)

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1905. Memoir on the Rhynchota collected by Dr. Arthur Willey, F.R.S., chiefly in Birara (New Britain) and Lifu. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 1905: 327-363, pl. 17 [360]

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345-391 pl. IV [349] (description, Fiji)

Kumar, R. 1964. On the structure and function of the so called ejaculatory reservoir in Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 75: 51-65 [43, 49 figs] (male reproductive morphology)

Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1893. Catalogue Général des Hémiptères. Tome I. Hétéroptères Pentatomidae. Bruxelles : F. Hayez xi 286 pp. [19] (catalogue)

McDonald, F.J.D. 1961. A comparative study of the male genitalia of Queensland Scutellerinae Leach (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). University of Queensland Papers, Department of Entomology 1: 173-186 [177, 184-185 figs 14-17] (male genitalia)

McDonald, F.J.D. 1963. A comparative study of the female genitalia of Queensland Scutellerinae Leach (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). University of Queensland Papers, Department of Entomology 1: 229-236 [233, 236] (female genitalia)

McDonald, F.J.D. 1963. Morphology of the male genitalia of five Queensland Scutellerinae (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Entomological Society of Queensland 2: 24-30 [30] (male genitalia)

McDonald, F.J.D. 1963. Nymphal systematics and life histories of some Queensland Scutellerinae Leach (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). University of Queensland Papers, Department of Entomology 1: 277-295 [289-290 figs 29-31] (life history, larval morphology)

McDonald, F.J.D. & Cassis, G. 1984. Revision of the Australian Scutelleridae Leach (Hemiptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 32: 537-572 [568 figs 78-80] (description)

McKeown, K.C. 1933. The maternal instinct in insects. Australian Museum Magazine 5: 23-24 [24] (maternal care)

Montrouzier, P. 1855. Essai sur la faune de l'île de Woodlark ou Moiou. Annales de la Société d’Agriculture de Lyon 2 7: 1-114 [91] (parental care, Scutellera banksii)

Montrouzier, P. 1858. Description de quelques Hémiptères de la Nouvelle-Calédonie. Annales de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon ns 5: 243-260 [243] (Scutellera banksii)

Montrouzier, X. 1861. Essai sur la faune entomologique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Balade) et des îles des Pins, Art, Lifu, etc. Hémiptères. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 4 1: 59-74 [60] (incorrect subsequent spelling as Scutellera bancksii)

Naumann, I.D. & Steinbauer, M.J. 2001. Egg parasitoids of Australian Coreidae (Hemiptera). Australian Journal of Entomology 40: 9-16 [12, 13] (parasitoids)

Pendergrast, J.G. 1957. Studies on the reproductive organs of the Heteroptera with a consideration of their bearing on classification. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 109: 1-63 [22] (morphology)

Schouteden, H. 1904. Heteroptera. Fam. Pentatomidae. Subfam. Scutellerinae. Genera Insectorum 24: 1-98 5 pls [19] (description, list, subspecies arrangement, synonymy)

Schouteden, H. 1907. Les types d'Hémiptères de Montrouzier. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique (Comptes-rendus) 51: 106-118 [108] (types)

Schouteden, H. 1933. Résultats scientifiques de voyage aux Indes Orientales Néelandaises de LL. AA. RR. le Prince et la Princesse Léopold de Belgique. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Mémoires du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 8 4: 41-70 [47]

Simmonds, H.W. 1922. Insect affecting cotton in Fiji. Agricultural Circular of the Department of Agriculture, Fiji 3: 36-38 (cotton pest, omnivory)

Simmonds, H.W. 1928. Stained cotton in Fiji and its causes. Agricultural Journal of the Department of Agriculture Fiji 1: 10-12 (cotton pest, Fiji)

Smith, R.M. 1978. The defensive secretion of the bugs Lamprophara bifasciata, Adrisa numeensis and Tectocoris diophthalmus from Fiji. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 5: 821-822 (chemistry)

Staddon, B.W., Thorne, M.J. & Knight, D.W. 1987. The scent glands and their chemicals in the aposematic cotton harlequin bug, Tectocoris diophthalmus (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Australian Journal of Zoology 35(3): 227-234 (gland chemistry, morphology)

Szent, J.J.H. & Catley, A. 1960. Host plant and distribution records of some insects in New Guinea and adjacent islands. Pacific Insects 2(3): 255-261 [256] (host plants, Papua New Guinea)

Tillyard, R.J. 1926. The Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Angus & Robertson Ltd 560 pp. 42 pls. [149 pl. 12 fig. 13] (description)

Van Duzee, E.P. 1905. Notes on Australian Pentatomidae, with descriptions of a few new species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 21: 187-214 [188] (description)

Vollenhoven, S.C.S. van 1863. Essai d'une Faune Entomologique de l'Archipel Indo-néerlandais. Première Monographie: Famille des Scutellerides. La Haye : Martinus Nijhoff 60 pp. Index 4 pls. [8]

Westring, N. 1858. Beskrifning på stridulationsorganer hos slägtena Pachycoris Burm. och Scutellera Lam. af Insketsordningen Hemiptera, jemte öfversight af alla de hittills bekanta oliga sätten för sådane ljuds framalstrande bland andra Insecter. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar 2 4: 45-57 [50, 54] (stridulation, Scutellera banksii)

Wilson, L.T., Booth, D.R. & Morton, R. 1983. The behavioural activity and vertical distribution of the cotton harlequin bug Tectocoris diophthalmus (Thunberg) (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) on cotton plants in a glasshouse. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 22(4): 311-317 (biology)

Wolff, J.F. 1811. Icones Cimicum Descriptionibus Illustratae. Erlangae : J.J. Palm Vol. 5 pp. 167-208 pls 17-20. [168]

 

Common Name References

Naumann, I. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Australian Insect Names. Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Allied Organisms of Economic and Environmental Importance. Melbourne : CSIRO Publications v 200 pp. [Date published 31/12/1993] [154] (Cotton Harlequin Bug)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Aug-2012 19-Feb-2013 MODIFIED
18-Jun-2012 MODIFIED