Australian Biological Resources Study

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Species Macroscytus australis (Erichson, 1842)

  • Cydnus australis Erichson, W.F. 1842. Beitrag zur Insecten-fauna von Vandiemensland, mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der geographischen Verbreitung der Insecten. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 8(1): 83-287, pls 4, 5 [275].
    Type data:
     Lectotype ZMB , Tasmania (as Vandiemensland).
    Subsequent designation references:
    Lis, J.A. 1999. Burrower bugs of the Old World - a catalogue (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 10(2): 165-249 [207].
  • Aethus leptospermi Butler, A.G. 1874. Insects. II. pp. 25-52 in Richardson, J. & Grey, J.E. (eds). The Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. "Erebus & Terror". London : E.W. Janson. [25].
    Type data:
     Lectotype BMNH Hem306 , New Zealand (on Leptosp[ernum]).
    Paralectotype(s) BMNH .
    Subsequent designation references:
    Lis, J.A. 1996. A review of burrower bugs of the Australian Region, with a discussion on the distribution of the genera (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 7(2): 177-238 [221].
  • Aethus lifuanus Montrouzier, X. 1861. Essai sur la faune entomologique de la Nouvelle-Calédonie (Balade) et des îles des Pins, Art, Lifu, etc. Hémiptères. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 4 1: 59-74 [62].
    Type data:
     Lectotype NHMW , Lifu.
    Type locality references:
    Lis, J.A. 1996. A review of burrower bugs of the Australian Region, with a discussion on the distribution of the genera (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 7(2): 177-238 [221].
  • Geotomus lansbergi Signoret, V. 1883. Révision du groupe des Cydnides de la famille des Pentatomides—neuvième partie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 6 3: 32-60 [48] [incorrect original spelling as Geotomus landsbergi].
    Type data:
     Lectotype IRSNB , Java (as Java Oriental).
    Subsequent designation references:
    Synave, H. 1969. Liste du matériel typique conservé dans les collections entomologiques de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Hemiptera—23–25—Cydnidae, Pentatomidae, Gelastocoridae. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 45: 1-21 [2] (designated as Holotype).

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Stål, C. 1876. Enumeratio Hemipterorum. Bidrag till en förteckning öfver aller hittills kända Hemiptera, jemte systematiska meddelanden. 5. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens Nya Handlingar, Stockholm 14(4): 1-162 [27] (synonymy of Aethus lifuanus)
  • Signoret, V. 1882. Révision du groupe des Cydnides de la famille des Pentatomides—huitième partie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 6 2: 464-484 [483] (synonymy of Aethus leptospermi)
  • Lis, J.A. 1996. A review of burrower bugs of the Australian Region, with a discussion on the distribution of the genera (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 7(2): 177-238 [221] (synonymy of Geotomus lansbergi)

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria


Extra Distribution Information

NSW—Ryde, Richmond River, Upper Tumut Gorge, QLD—Brisbane, Bellenden Ker Range, Lake Broadwater, Taroom.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

NSW, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Flinders (FLI), King (KIN), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Tasmanian West (TWE), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Wet Tropics (WT)

Other Regions

Lord Howe Island terrestrial & freshwater

Ecological Descriptors

Burrower, diurnal, litter, root-feeder, subtropical, temperate, terrestrial, tropical, volant.

Extra Ecological Information

In Tasmania - in tussock grass and under recumbent shrub, amongst debris and compost possibly feeding on grass seeds, diurnal, in New Zealand - lowlands, montane, open sandy areas, seashores, sand spots, vacant lots, forest clearings, under rocks and debris, diurnal, under Disphyma australis and Muehlenbeckia sp.

 

General References

Dallas, W.S. 1851. List of the Specimens of Hemipterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. London : Richard Taylor Part 1 368 pp. XI pls. [119] (nom. nud. Aethus leptospermi)

Distant, W.L. 1920. Rhynchota from New Caledonia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 9 6: 143-164 [145] (New Caledonia, Hahnia australis)

Dohrn, A. 1859. Catalogus Hemipterorum. Herausgegeben von dem Entomologischen verein zu Stettin. Stettin : Herrcke & Lebeling ii 112 pp. [9] (nom. nud., Aethus australis)

Hickman, V.V. 1978. The biology of Philapodemus australis (Erichson) (Hemiptera: Cydnidae). General and Applied Entomology 10: 45-49 (biology)

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. A list of Hemiptera (excluding Sternorrhyncha) of the Maorian Subregion, with notes on a few of the species. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 41: 22-29 [25] (New Zealand, Hahnia australis)

Larivière, M.-C. 1995. Cydnidae, Acanthosomatidae, and Pentatomidae (Insecta: Heteroptera): systematics, geographical distribution, and bioecology. Fauna of New Zealand 35: 1-119 [18] (description)

Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1893. Catalogue Général des Hémiptères. Tome I. Hétéroptères Pentatomidae. Bruxelles : F. Hayez xi 286 pp. [71] (catalogue, num. nud., Aethus leptospermi)

Lis, J.A. 1995. A synonymic list of burrower bugs of the Australian Region (Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 6(2): 137-149 [144] (list)

Lis, J.A. 1996. A review of burrower bugs of the Australian Region, with a discussion on the distribution of the genera (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 7(2): 177-238 [220] (synonymy, distribution)

Lis, J.A. 1998. A revision of Australian species of the genus Macroscytus Fieber (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 29: 459-479 [464] (description)

Lis, J.A. 1999. Burrower bugs of the Old World - a catalogue (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 10(2): 165-249 [207] (catalogue)

Myers, J.G. 1922. The order Hemiptera in New Zealand with special reference to its biological economic aspects. New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology 5(1): 1-12 [4] (New Zealand, Hahnia australis)

Myers, J.G. & China, W.E. 1928. A list of New Zealand Heteroptera with the description of a remarkable green aradid representing a new genus. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 10 1: 377-394 [379] (New Zealand, Hahnia australis)

Stål, C. 1876. Enumeratio Hemipterorum. Bidrag till en förteckning öfver aller hittills kända Hemiptera, jemte systematiska meddelanden. 5. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens Nya Handlingar, Stockholm 14(4): 1-162 [26] (list, Cydnus australis)

Tillyard, R.J. 1926. The Insects of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Angus & Robertson Ltd 560 pp. 42 pls. [148]

Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 1-240. [162] (list, separate species)

Woodward, T.E. 1953. The Heteroptera of New Zealand Part I—Introduction; Cydnidae; Pentatomidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 80: 299-321 [311, 315] (New Zealand, Philapodemus australis)

Woodward, T.E. 1956. The Heteroptera of New Zealand. Part II—The Enicocephalidae. With a supplement to Part I (Cydnidae and Pentatomidae). Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 84: 391-430 [428] (New Zealand, Philapodemus australis)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Aug-2012 19-Feb-2013 MODIFIED
06-Jun-2012 MODIFIED