Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

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Species Nezara viridula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Green Vegetable Bug

  • Cimex viridulus Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna tria Naturae, secundem Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentis, Synonymis, Locis. Tom.1 Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii 824 pp. [444].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) ZIUU, India (as Indiis).
  • Cimex torquatus Fabricius, J.C. 1775. Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae [= Flensburg & Leipzig] : Kortii xxxii 832 pp. [Date published 17 April] [710].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) ZMK (presently in ZMUC), India.
  • Cimex smaragdulus Fabricius, J.C. 1775. Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae [= Flensburg & Leipzig] : Kortii xxxii 832 pp. [Date published 17 April] [711].
    Type data:
     
    Syntype(s) ZMK 1 specimen (presently in ZMUC), Insula Madera; BMNH 2 specimens (at least 1), Insula Madera.
  • Cimex transversus Thunberg, C.P. 1783. Dissertatio Entomologica novas insectorum species, sistens, cujus partem secundum, cons exper. facult. med. upsal., publice ventilandam exhibent. Upsaliae : J. Edman Pt 2 pp. 29-52 pl. 2. [40 fig. 53].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) ZIUU, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (as Cape Bonae Spei).
  • Cimex variabilis Villers, C. de 1789. Caroli Linnaei entomologia, faunae Suecicae descriptionibus acuta, DD Scopoli, Geoffroy, de Geer, Fabricii, Schrank, etc. speciebus vel in Systemate non enumerantes, vel nuperrime detectis, vel species Galliae Australia locupelta generum specierumque rariorum incoibus ornata. Lugduni : Piestre & Delamolliere Vol. 1 pp. xvi 1-765. [505].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) whereabouts unknown (probably lost), Occitania.
  • Cimex spirans Fabricius, J.C. 1798. Supplementum Entomologiae Systematicae. Hafniae : Proft et Storch ii 573 pp. [533].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) ZMK, America insulis.
  • Cimex viridissimus Wolff, J.F. 1801. Icones Cimicum Descriptionibus Illustratae. Erlangan : J.J. Palm Vol. 2 pp. 43-84 pls 5-8. [55] [primary junior homonym of Cimex viridissimus Poda, 1761].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) ZIUL, India orientali.
  • Pentatoma oblonga Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [37].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 198 , Java.
  • Pentatoma unicolor Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 199 , Java.
  • Penatoma berylina Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 200 , India Orientali.
  • Penatoma subsericea Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 201 , India Orientali.
  • Pentatoma leii Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 203 , Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (as Cap. Bonae Spei).
  • Pentatoma tripunctigera Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38] [first introduced as Pentatoma 3-punctigera].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) OUM Hem. 204 11, Insula Sti. Vincentii.
  • Pentatoma chinensis Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 205 , China.
  • Pentatoma proxima Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 206 , Ins. Teneriffe.
  • Pentatoma propinqua Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [39].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 209 , Java.
  • Pentatoma chlorocephala Westwood, J.O. 1837. A Catalogue of Hemiptera in the Collection of the Rev. F.W. Hope and Descriptions of the new Species of Scutelleridae. Part I. London : J.C. Bridgewater 46 pp. [38].
    Type data:
     Holotype OUM Hem. 208 , Brasilia?.
  • Cimex hemichloris Germar, E.F. 1838. Hemiptera Heteroptera promontorii Bonae Spei nondum descripta, quae collegit C.F. Drège. Silbermann's Revue. Entomologique 5: 121-192 [166].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) MLUH (depository uncertain), Cape of Good Hope, South Africa (as Bonae Spei).
  • Nezara approximata Reiche, L. & Fairmaire, L. 1848. Les Insectes dans le Voyage en Abyssinie par Ferret et Galinier. Paris : Paulin Vol. 3 259-532, 18 colour pls. [443].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) MNHP, Ethiopia (as Abyssinie).
  • Pentatoma plicaticollis Lucas, H. 1849. Histoire Naturelle des animaux articulés. Triosième partie. Insectes. Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842. Zoologie. Paris : Bertrand Vol. 3 pp. 1-403. [87].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) MNHP, Houbeira, Algeria.
    Secondary source:
     Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [117].
  • Pentatoma vicaria Walker, F. 1867. Catalogue of the Specimens of Heteropterous Hemiptera in the Collection of the British Museum. Part II. Scutata. London : E. Newman Preface pp. 241-417. [303].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH, Hindostan.
  • Nezara viridula aurantiaca Costa, A. 1884. Notizie ed osservazioni sulla Geo-Fauna Sarda. Memoria Terza risultamento delle ricerche fatte in Sardegna nella estate del 1883. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche. Napoli 2 1(9): 1-64 [37, 58].
    Type data:
     Holotype ZIUN (depository uncertain), Oristano, Sardinia.
  • Rhaphigaster orbus Stål, C. 1853. Nya Hemiptera från Cafferlandet. Öfversigt af Kongelige Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm 10: 209-227 [221].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) NHRM, Natalensi.
  • Nezara viridula hepatica Horváth, G. 1903. Pentatomidae novae Extraeuropaeae. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici (Zoologica) 1903: 400-409 [406].
    Type data:
     Syntype(s) MNH , St Charles, Algeria.
  • Pentatoma smaragdula minor Costa, A. 1843. Cimicum regni Neapolitani. Centuria. 76 pp. [57] [nomen oblitum].
    Type data:
     Holotype ZIUN, Neapolitania.

 

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

  • Dallas, W.S. 1851. List of the Specimens of Hemipterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum. London : Richard Taylor Part 1 368 pp. XI pls. [275] (synonymy of Cimex torquatus and Cimex smaragdulus)
  • Stål, C. 1855. On Thunbergs Hemipterarter. Öfversigt af Finska Vetenskaps-Societetens Förhandlingar 12(7): 345-347 [345] (synonymy of Cimex transversus)
  • Stål, C. 1865. Hemiptera Africana. Holmiae : Norstedtiana Vol. 1 iv 256 pp. [193-195] (synonymy of Cimex viridissimus, Pentatoma unicolor, Pentatoma subsericea, Pentatoma leii, Pentatoma tripunctigera, Pentatoma chinensis, Pentatoma proxima, Pentatoma propinqua, Pentatoma chlorocephala. Cimex hemichloris, Cimex approximata and Rhaphigaster orbus)
  • Stål, C. 1868. Hemiptera Fabriciana. Fabricianska Hemipterarter, efter de i Köpenhamn och Kiel förvarade typexemplaren granskade och beskrifne. 1. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens Nya Handlingar, Stockholm 7(11): 1-148 [31] (synonymy of Cimex spirans)
  • Reuter, O.M. 1888. Revisio synonymica Heteropterorum palaearcticorum quae descripserunt auctores vetustiores (Linné 1758–Latreille 1806) beschrieben Palaearktischen Heteropteren. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 15: 241-315, 443-812 [496, 745] (synonymy of Cimex variabilis and Pentatoma plicaticollis)
  • Distant, W.L. 1900. Rhynchotal notes. IV. Heteroptera: Pentatominae (part). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 7 5: 386-397, 420-435 [392] (synonymy of Pentatoma vicaria)
  • Horváth, G. 1900. Hemiptera. in Semon, R. Zoologische Forschungsreisen in Australien und dem Malayischen Archipel. Denkschriften der Medizinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena 8: 629-642 [632] (synonymy of Pentatoma berylina)
  • Distant, W.L. 1901. Revision of the Rhynchota belonging to the family Pentatomidae in the Hope collection at Oxford. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1900(4): 807-825 pls 52-53 [813, 824] (synonymy of Pentatoma oblonga)

 

Distribution

States

Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

ACT, NSW, Qld, SA, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gawler (GAW), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, diurnal, herbivore (associated flora: Trifolium repens L. [FABACEAE] White Clover; Rapistrum rugosum (L.) [BRASSICACEAE]; Raphanus raphanistrum L. [BRASSICACEAE]; Lathyrus odoratus L. [FABACEAE]; Medicago polymorpha L. [FABACEAE]; Vicia sp. [FABACEAE]; Datura sp. [SOLANACEAE]; Datura stramonium L. [SOLANACEAE]; Silybum marianum (L.) [ASTERACEAE]; Rumex sp. [POLYGONACEAE]; Plantago sp. [PLANTAGINACEAE]; Physalis virginiana L. [SOLANACEAE]; Nicotiana glauca Grah. [SOLANACEAE]; Datura ferox L. [SOLANACEAE]; Hibiscus trionum L. [MALVACEAE]; Phaseolus vulgaris (L.) [FABACEAE]; Melilotus indica (L.) All. [FABACEAE]; Macroptilium lathyroides (L.) Urb. [FABACEAE]; Chenopodium album L. [CHENOPODIACEAE] Fat Hen, White Goosefoot; Amaranthus sp. [AMARANTHACEAE]; Ligustrum lucidum W.T.Aiton [OLEACEAE]; Oryza sativa L. [POACEAE]; Medicago sativa L. [FABACEAE] Alfalfa, Lucerne; Beta vulgaris L. [CHENOPODIACEAE] Beetroot; Ricinus communis L. [EUPHORBIACEAE] Castor Bean; Gossypium hirsutum L. [MALVACEAE] Cotton; Brassica juncea L. [BRASSICACEAE] Indian Mustard; Zea mays L. [POACEAE] Maize; Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench [POACEAE] Millet, Sorghum, Juar, Cholam; Vigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek [FABACEAE] Mung Bean; Abelmoschus esculentus (Linnaeus) [MALVACEAE] Okra; Arachis hypogaea L. [FABACEAE] Peanut; Solanum tuberosum L. [SOLANACEAE] Potato; Glycine max (L.) Merrill [FABACEAE] Soybean; Helianthus annuus L. [ASTERACEAE] Sunflower; Triticum aestivum L. [POACEAE] Wheat), parasitoid (host(s): Trissolcus basalis Wollaston [SCELIONIDAE]), predator (host(s): Pristhesancus plagipennis Walker [REDUVIIDAE]), subtropical, temperate, terrestrial, tropical, volant.

 

General References

Brier, H.B. & Rogers, D.J. 1991. Susceptibility of soybeans to damage by Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and Riptortus serripes (F.) (Hemiptera: Alydidae) during three stages of pod development. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 30: 123-128 (soybean pest)

Clarke, A.R. 1990. The control of Nezara viridula (L.) with introduced egg parasitoids in Australia: a review of a "Landmark" example of classical biological control. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 41: 1127-1146 (egg parasitoids, biological control)

Clarke, A.R. 1992. Current distribution and pest status of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Australia. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 31: 289-297 (pest status, Australia)

Clarke, A.R. & Seymour, J.E. 1992. Two species of Acroclisoides Girault and Dodd (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) parasitic on Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston) (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), a parasitoid of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 31(4): 299-300 (parasitoids)

Clarke, A.R. & Walter, G.H. 1993. Biological control of green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) in eastern Australia: current status and perspectives. pp. 223-225 in Corey, S.A., Dall, D.J. & Milne, W.M. (eds). Pest Control and Sustainable Agriculture. Melbourne : CSIRO xiii 514 pp. (biological control)

Clarke, A.R. & Walter, G.H. 1993. Biological control of green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) in eastern Australia: current status and perspectives. pp. 223-225 in Corey, S.A., Dall, D.J. & Milne, W.M. (eds). Pest Control and Sustainable Agriculture. Melbourne : CSIRO xiii 514 pp. (biological control)

Clarke, A.R. & Walter, G.H. 1993. Variegated thistle (Silybum marianum (L.)), a non-crop host plant of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in southeastern Queensland. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 32: 81-84 (host plant)

Coombs, M.T. 2000. Seasonal phenology, parastism, and evaluation of mowing as a control measure for Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Australian pecans. Environmental Entomology 29(5): 1027-1033 (phenology, parasitism, control)

Coombs, M.T. & Sands, D.P.A. 2000. Establishment in Australia of Trichopoda giacomellii (Blanchard) (Diptera: Tachinidae), a biological control agent for Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 39(3): 219-222 (biological control)

Corpuz, L.R. 1969. The biology, host range and natural enemies of Nezara viridula L. (Pentatomidae: Hemiptera). Philippine Entomologist 1: 225-239 (host plants)

Filshie, B.K. & Waterhouse, D.F. 1969. The structure and development of a surface pattern on the cuticle of the green vegetable bug. Tissue and Cell 1: 367-385 (morphology, metathoracic glands)

Grazia, J. 1987. On some types of Heteroptera: Pentatomidae in the M.N.H.N., Paris. Revue Française d'Entomologie 9(1): 43-46 (type specimen)

Harris, V.E., Todd, T.W., Webb, J.C. & Benner, J.C. 1982. Acoustical and behavioural analysis of the songs of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 75: 234-249 (acoustical behaviour)

Harris, V.E. & Todd, J.W. 1980. Temporal and numerical patterns of reproductive behaviour in the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 27: 105-116 (reproduction)

Hasan, S.A. 1991. Ultrastructure of metathoracic scent glands in pentatomid bugs. Pakistan Journal of Zoology 23(3): 257-261 (metathoracic glands)

Hely, P.C., Pasfield, G. & Gellatley, J.G. 1982. Insect Pests of Fruit and Vegetables in NSW. Melbourne : Inkata Press 312 pp. [71, 90, 136, 145, 163, 188, 232, 242, 257, 265, 269, 285,297] (bionomics)

Hokkanen, H. 1986. Polymorphism, parasites, and the native range of Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Annales Entomologici Fennici 52: 28-31 (distribution, parasites)

Hokyo, N., Kiritani, K., Nakasuji, F. & Shiga, M. 1966. Comparative biology of the two scelionid egg parasites of Nezara viridula L. (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology (Tokyo) 1: 94-102 (parasitoid)

Hori, K. 2000. Possible causes of disease symptoms resulting from the feeding of phytophagous Heteroptera. pp. 11-35 in Schaefer, C.W. & Panizzi, A.R. (eds). Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Boca Raton : CRC Press 828 pp. [14, Tab. 1] (physiology)

Iwao, S., Kiritani, K. & Hokyo, N. 1966. Applications of a marking–and–recapture method for the analysis of larval–adult populations of an insect, Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Researches on Population Ecology,Kyoto University 8(2): 147-160 (ecology)

Javahery, M. 1990. Biology and ecological adaptation of the green stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Quebec and Ontario. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83(2): 107-276 (biology)

Jeraj, M. & Walter, G.H. 1998. Vibrational communication in Nezara viridula: response of Slovenian and Australian bugs to one another. Behavioural Processes 44(1): 51-58 (communication)

Jones, W.A. Jr 1988. World review of the parasitoids of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81: 262-273 (parasitoids)

Jones, W.A. Jr & Sullivan, M.J. 1982. Role of host plants in the population dynamics of stink bug pests of soybean in South Carolina. Environmental Entomology 11: 867-875 (host plants)

Kiritani, K. 1971. Distribution and abundance of the southern green stink bug. pp. 235–248 in, Proceedings of the Symposium on Rice Pests, 1971. Japan : Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. (ecology)

Kiritani, K., Hokyo, N., Kimura, K. & Nakasuji, F. 1965. Imaginal dispersal of the southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula L., in relation feeding and oviposition. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 9: 291-297 (host plants)

Larivière, M.-C. 1995. Cydnidae, Acanthosomatidae, and Pentatomidae (Insecta: Heteroptera): systematics, geographical distribution, and bioecology. Fauna of New Zealand 35: 1-119 [44] (description, biology)

Lucchi, A. 1997. The scent gland system of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). 4. The metathoracic scent-apparatus. Frustula Entomologica 19: 110-119 (metathoracic glands)

Lucchi, A. & Solinas, M. 1992. The scent gland system of Nezara viridula (L.) (Rhynchota, Heteroptera, Pentatomidae). 1. - The adult dorsal abdominal glands. Frustula Entomologica 13: 237-263 (dorsal abdominal glands)

Miller, L.A., Rose, H.A. & McDonald, F.J.D. 1977. The effects of damage by the green vegetable bug, Nezara viridula (L.) on yield and quality of soybeans. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 16: 421-426 (soybean pest)

Panizzi, A.R., McPherson, J.E., James, D.G., Javahery, M. & McPherson, R.M. 2000. Stink Bugs (Pentatomidae). pp. 421-474 in Schaefer, C.W. & Panizzi, A.R. (eds). Heteroptera of Economic Importance. Boca Raton : CRC Press 828 pp. [437] (bionomics)

Panizzi, A.R. & Slansky, F. 1985. Review of phytophagous pentatomids (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) associated with soybean in the Americas. Florida Entomologist 68: 184-214 [186-188, 198] (soybean pest)

Passlow, T. & Waite, G.K. 1971. Green vegetable bug as a soybean pest. Queensland Agricultural Journal 97: 491-493 (soybean pest)

Powell, J.E. & Shepard, M. 1982. Biology of Australian and United States strains of Trissolcus basalis, a parasitoid of the green vegetable bug, Nezara viridula. Australian Journal of Ecology 7(2): 181-186 (parasitoid)

Ryan, M.A., Cokl, A. & Walter, G.H. 1996. Differences in vibratory sound communication between a Slovenian and an Australian population of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Behavioural Processes 36(2): 183-193 (communication)

Ryan, M.A. & Walker, G.H. 1992. Sound communication of Nezara viridula (L.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae): further evidence that signal transmission is substrate-borne. Experientia (Basel) 48(11–12): 1112-1115 (communication)

Sands, D.P.A. & Coombs, M.T. 1999. Evaluation of the Argentinian parasitoid, Trichopoda giacomellii (Diptera: Tachinidae) for biological control of Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Australia. Biological Control 15(1): 19-24 (biological control)

Schumann, F.W. & Todd, J.W. 1982. Population dynamics of the southern green stink bug (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) in relation to soybean phenology. Journal of Economic Entomology 75: 748-753 (ecology)

Seymour, J., Bowman, G. & Crouch, M. 1995. Effect of neem seed extract on feeding frequency of Nezara viridula L. (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on pecan nuts. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 34(3): 221-223 (control, host plant)

Seymour, J.E. & Sands, D.P.A. 1993. Green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Australian pecans. pp. 223-225 in Corey, S.A., Dall, D.J. & Milne, W.M. (eds). Pest Control and Sustainable Agriculture. Melbourne : CSIRO xiii 514 pp. (bionomics, host plant)

Seymour, J.E. & Sands, D.P.A. 1993. Green vegetable bug (Nezara viridula [L.]) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Australia. pp. 226-228 in Corey, S.A., Dall, D.J. & Milne, W.M. (eds). Pest Control and Sustainable Agriculture. Melbourne : CSIRO xiii 514 pp. (pest status)

Shearer, P.W. & Jones, V.P. 1996. Suitability of macadamia nut as a host plant of Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 89(4): 996-1003 (host plant)

Smith, D., Beattie, G.A.C. & Broadley, R. 1997. Citrus Pests and their Natural Enemies. Integrated Pest Management in Australia. Brisbane : DPI Publications xvi 272 pp. [113] (bionomics)

Todd, J.W. 1989. Ecology and behaviour of Nezara viridula. Annual Review of Entomology 34: 273-292 (ecology)

Todd, J.W. & Herzog, D.C. 1980. Sampling phytophagous Pentatomidae on soybean. pp. 438-478 in Kogan, M. & Herzog, D.C. (eds). Sampling Methods in Soybean Entomology. New York : Springer-Verlag 587 pp. (distribution)

Velasco, L.R.I., Walter, G.H. & Harris, V.E. 1995. Volitinism and host plant uses by Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in southeastern Queensland. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 34(3): 193-203 (ecology)

Velasco, L.R.I. & Walter, G.H. 1992. Availability of different host plant species and changing abundance of the polyphagous bug Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Environmental Entomology 21: 751-759 (host plant utilisation)

Velasco, L.R.I. & Walter, G.H. 1993. Influence of temperature on survival and reproduction of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 32(3): 225-228 (biology)

Velasco, L.R.I. & Walter, G.H. 1993. Influence of temperature on survival and reproduction of Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 32: 225-228 (ecology)

Woodward, T.E. 1953. The Heteroptera of New Zealand Part I—Introduction; Cydnidae; Pentatomidae. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand 80: 299-321 [318] (synonymy)

 

Common Name References

Abalos, J.W. & Wygodzinsky, P. 1951. Las Triatominae argentinas (Reduviidae: Hemiptera). Instituto de Medicina Regional de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Monografia 2: 1-178 [153] (Green Vegetable Bug)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Nov-2013 Pentatominae 06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
15-Aug-2012 06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
06-Nov-2013 MODIFIED