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Species Choerocoris paganus (Fabricius, 1775)

Ground Shield Bug

  • Cimex paganus Fabricius, J.C. 1775. Systema Entomologiae, sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. Flensburgi et Lipsiae [= Flensburg & Leipzig] : Kortii xxxii 832 pp. [Date published 17 April] [698].
    Type data:
     Holotype BMNH Hem. 390 , Australia (as nova Hollandia).

 

Distribution

States

New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia


Extra Distribution Information

QLD—Bunya Mountains, Moolah, NSW—Sydney, ACT—Black Mountain, TAS—Hobart, SA—Belair, Kangarilla, Lake Eyre, Port Lincoln, Yorketown, WA—King George's Sound, Mt Robinson, NT—Groote Eylandt.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IBRA

NSW, NT, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Arnhem Coast (ARC), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Burt Plain (BRT), Central Arnhem (CA), Carnarvon (CAR), Channel Country (CHC), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Desert Uplands (DEU), Dampierland (DL), Davenport Murchison Ranges (DMR), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Finke (FIN), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gascoyne (GAS), Gawler (GAW), Gibson Desert (GD), Gulf Fall and Uplands (GFU), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Sandy Desert (GSD), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Hampton (HAM), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), King (KIN), Little Sandy Desert (LSD), MacDonnell Ranges (MAC), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mitchell Grass Downs (MGD), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Mulga Lands (ML), Murchison (MUR), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Pilbara (PIL), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields (SSD), Stony Plains (STP), Sturt Plateau (STU), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tanami (TAN), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Tasmanian West (TWE), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Ecological Descriptors

Arboreal, diurnal, folivore, granivore, gregarious, herbivore (associated flora: Medicago sativa L. [FABACEAE] Alfalfa, Lucerne; Bedfordia salicina (Labill.) DC. [ASTERACEAE] Dogwood; Bursaria spinosa Cav. [PITTOSPORACEAE] Boxthorn; Dodonaea viscosa L. [SAPINDACEAE] Sticky Hopbush; Acacia sp. [FABACEAE] Wattle; Dodonaea lanceolata F.Muell. [SAPINDACEAE]; Plantago sp. [PLANTAGINACEAE]; Leptospermum scoparium J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. [MYRTACEAE] Manuka; Dodonaea triquetra Wendl. [SAPINDACEAE]; Beyeria viscosa (Labill.) Miq. [EUPHORBIACEAE] Pinkwood; Banksia marginata Cav. [PROTEACEAE] Silver Banksia; Dodonaea viscosa spatulata (Sm.) J.G.West [SAPINDACEAE] Sticky Hop-Bush; Dodonaea viscosa angustissima (DC.) J.G.West [SAPINDACEAE] Slender Hop-bush; Dodonaea viscosa mucronata J.G.West [SAPINDACEAE]), open woodland, sap-feeder, terrestrial, volant.

Extra Ecological Information

Adults feeding on fallen and green seeds of Dodonaea, found on ground in soft sandstone, amongst rocks in seed litter and in grass tussocks, adults overwinter in dry places.

 

General References

Amyot, C.J.B. & Audinet-Serville, J.G. 1843. Histoire Naturelle des Insects. Hémiptères. Paris : Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Rue Hautefeuille 10 B13 676 pp. [47 pl. 1 fig. 6] (description, habitus)

Boisduval, J.B.A. 1835. Faune Entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. 2me Partie. Coléoptères et autres Ordres. pp. 1-713 in no editor given (ed.). Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Paris : J. Tastu pp. 1-713. [625 pl. 11 fig. 4] (description)

Cassis, G. & Vanags, L. 2006. Jewel Bugs of Australia (Insecta: Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). Denisia Neue Serie 50: 275-398 [361] (diagnosis, redescription)

Distant, W.L. 1899. Rhynchotal notes—Heteroptera: Scutellerinae and Graphosomatinae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 7 4: 29-52 [34] (description)

Donovan, E. 1805. An Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite, and other Islands in the Indian, Southern, and Pacific Oceans: including the figures and descriptions of one hundred and fifty-three species. London : E. Donovan, F.C. & J. Rivington iv 41 unnumbered pp. [pl. 3 fig. 4] (habitus)

Fabricius, J.C. 1794. Entomologia Systematica emendata et acuta, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species adjectis synonimis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Tom. 1. Hafniae : Christ. Gottl. Proft. xx 330 pp. [84] (description)

Froggatt, W.W. 1901. Notes on Australian Hemiptera (plant Bugs). Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 12: 1592-1601 1 colour pl. [1595 fig. 4] (description)

Froggatt, W.W. 1902. Notes on Australian Hemiptera. (Plant Bugs). Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 13: 318-324 1 colour pl. [322 fig. 7]

Froggatt, W.W. 1907. Australian Insects. Sydney : W. Brooks & Co. xiv 449 pp., 37 pls. [Date published April 11, 1907] [327 pl. 31 fig. 4] (habitus)

Germar, E.F. 1839. Beiträge zu einer Monographie der Schildwanzen. Zeitschrift für Entomologie (Germar) 1: 1-146 1 colour pl. [122]

Gross, G.F. 1975. Plant-feeding and Other Bugs (Hemiptera) of South Australia. Heteroptera. Adelaide : A.B. James Vol. 1 250 pp., 3 colour pls. [94 pl. C] (description, habitus)

Guérin-Méneville, F.É. 1838. Pt 2 Div. 1 ch. xii Insectes. pp. 57-302 in Duperrey, L.J. (ed.). Voyage Autour du Monde, Exécuté par Ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de sa Majesté, La Coquille, Pendant les Années 1822, 1823, 1824, et 1825. Histoire Naturelle, Zoologie. Paris : Bertrand. [156] (description)

Kirkaldy, G.W. 1909. Catalogue of the Hemiptera (Heteroptera) with biological and anatomical references, lists of foodplants and parasites, etc. Prefaced by a discussion on nomenclature, and an analytical table of families. Cimicidae. Berlin : Felix L. Dames Vol. 1 xl 392 pp. [291] (catalogue)

Kumar, R. 1964. On the structure and function of the so called ejaculatory reservoir in Pentatomoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 75: 51-65 [60] (male genitalia)

Lethierry, L. & Severin, G. 1893. Catalogue Général des Hémiptères. Tome I. Hétéroptères Pentatomidae. Bruxelles : F. Hayez xi 286 pp. [21] (catalogue)

Mayr, G. 1866. Hemiptera. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wällerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. I. Abtheilung. B. Wien : Karl Gerold's Sohn 1-204 pls I-V. [22]

McDonald, F.J.D. 1963. A comparative study of the female genitalia of Queensland Scutellerinae Leach (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). University of Queensland Papers, Department of Entomology 1: 229-236 [230 figs 1, 2] (female genitalia)

McDonald, F.J.D. 1963. Nymphal systematics and life histories of some Queensland Scutellerinae Leach (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). University of Queensland Papers, Department of Entomology 1: 277-295 [290-293 figs 32-34] (life cycle)

McDonald, F.J.D. & Cassis, G. 1984. Revision of the Australian Scutelleridae Leach (Hemiptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 32: 537-572 [558 figs 61, 62] (description)

Schouteden, H. 1904. Heteroptera. Fam. Pentatomidae. Subfam. Scutellerinae. Genera Insectorum 24: 1-98 5 pls [39] (list)

Stål, C. 1874. Enumeratio Hemipterorum. Bidrag till en förteckning öfver aller hittills kända Hemiptera, jemte systematiska meddelanden. 4. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Academiens Nya Handlingar, Stockholm 12(1): 1-186 [13] (list)

 

Common Name References

Abalos, J.W. & Wygodzinsky, P. 1951. Las Triatominae argentinas (Reduviidae: Hemiptera). Instituto de Medicina Regional de la Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Monografia 2: 1-178 [154] (Ground Shield Bug)

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Aug-2012 02-Apr-2014 MODIFIED
02-Apr-2014 MODIFIED