Fuel quality standards and legislation
The quality of fuel in Australia is regulated by the Fuel Quality Standards Act 2000 (the Act) that places an obligation on the fuel industry, including fuel suppliers, to supply fuel that meets strict environmental requirements. The new Ethanol E85 fuel quality standard, commencing 1 November 2012, requires E85 labelling on fuel pumps dispensing E85. The label must clearly display on each pump dispensing E85 the words 'Contains 70-85% ethanol. Not Petrol or Diesel' OR 'Contains x% ethanol' and 'Not petrol or diesel’ (where x is a number between 70 and 85)'.
Fuel quality standards have been made for petrol, diesel, biodiesel, and autogas and ethanol E85.
Under the Act, petrol can contain up to 10% ethanol. Fuel sellers who sell fuel containing ethanol must label the fuel pump. The label must state that the petrol contains ethanol. See ethanol labelling standard for more information.
The Commonwealth runs a fuel sampling program to monitor the quality of fuels sold in Australia and ensure compliance with the Act (see fuel testing program). Through this program, fuel samples are taken throughout the fuel supply chain, including at service station forecourts.
Monitoring, Compliance and Enforcement Program
The Act and the Fuel Quality Standards Regulations 2001 provide a framework for establishing and enforcing national fuel quality standards.
Fuel suppliers who supply fuel that is the subject of a fuel standard must comply with the Act.
Developing a B20 fuel quality standard
Submissions are currently being considered in the development of a position paper outlining the proposed B20 standard and labelling requirements for B20 fuel.