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Publications archive - Waste and recycling

Disclaimer

Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

A National Approach to Waste Tyres

Commonwealth Department of Environment, 2001


Abbreviations

ABS
Australian Bureau of Statistics
ANZECC
Australia and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council
ASTMC
Australian Scrap Tyre Management Council
ATMA
Australian Tyre Manufacturers Association
ATO
Australian Tax Office
CBA
cost benefit analysis
CSIRO
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DLWC
Department of Land and Water Conservation (NSW)
EPAQ
Environmental Protection Agency of Queensland
EPR
extended producer responsibility
EPU
equivalent passenger units
ERA
Extended regulated area (in NSW)
GATT
General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs
GST
Goods and Services Tax
IGEA
Inter Government Agreement on the Environment
IRRDB
International Rubber Research and Development Board
IWRP
(Tyre) Industry Waste Reduction Plan (NSW)
MTA
Motor Traders Association
NEPC
National Environment Protection Council
NEPM
National Environment Protection Measure
NHTSA
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US)
NRMA
National Roads and Motorists Association
NSW EPA
NSW Environment Protection Authority
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
ORR
Office of Regulation Review
OTR
off-the-road (applied to tyres on earthmoving equipment, particularly at mine sites and quarries)
PAH
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
PM10
fine particulates below 10 Ám in size
PRO
producer responsibility organisation
PSA
product stewardship arrangements
R&D
research and development
SA EPA
South Australian Environment Protection Agency
SBR
styrene-butadiene rubber
SMA
Sydney metropolitan area
TCLP
Toxicity Characterisation Leaching Procedure (US EPA)
TDF
tyre derived fuel
TIWMC
Tyre Industry Waste Management Council (in NSW)
TLEZ
Tyre landfill exclusion zone (in WA)
tpa
tonnes per annum
TRIB
Tire Retreading Information Bureau
UK
United Kingdom
US
United States of America
US EPA
US Environmental Protection Agency
UTQGS
Uniform Tire Quality Grading System (in US)
VOC
volatile organic compounds
WTF
waste tracking form

The term receival facility is used in this report to refer to all premises that are legally entitled to accept waste tyres and includes landfills and monofills2, reprocessing facilities, energy recovery facilities and premises for intermediate processing.

For the purpose of this report, the term inappropriate disposal will be taken to mean any waste tyre practice that fails to provide adequate controls on the risk of environmental damage, the loss of local amenity or the risk to public health. The definition excludes disposal of waste tyres to a properly engineered landfill or other licensed premises. The definition includes legal practices such as certain uses where waste tyres are left in the environment without a proper assessment of the likely impacts, proper design of the application, or proper attention to safeguards (for the risk of fire, mosquitoes, etc).

The term tyre producers refers to both tyre manufacturers (domestic) and tyre importers unless the context indicates otherwise.

Spelling

This report follows Australian spelling convention and uses the word ‘tyre’. The same word in the US is spelled ‘tire’. The US spelling is retained for organisations, reports or references from the US.


2A monofill is a landfill (or part of a landfill) which accepts only one type of waste (in this case waste tyres). In terms of managing waste tyres, the specific feature that distinguishes monofills is that they may facilitate recovery of the tyres at a later date for processing using technologies not available at the present time or by exploiting new market opportunities.