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Publications archive - Waste and recycling

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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

End-of-life Environmental Issues with PVC in Australia

Prepared by Dr. John Scheirs,
ExcelPlas Polymer Technology (EPT) for
Environment Australia, June 2003


9. Glossary of Terms


APC air pollution control
APME Association of Plastics Manufacturers in Europe
ASR automotive shredder residue
BaP benzoapyrene
BBP benzyl butyl phthalate (or butyl benzyl phthalate)
BTHC butyryltrihexylcitrate
Calendering Process where PVC is formed into sheet through heated rollers
CERHR Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction
C&DW construction and demolition waste
CO carbon monoxide
CSTEE EU Scientific Committee for Toxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment
CW clinical waste
DBP di-butyl phthalate
DEHP bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
DEHT di-octyl terephthalate
DEP di-ethyl phthalate
DHP di-n-hexyl phthalate
DIBP di-isobutyl phthalate
DIDP di-isodecyl phthalate
DIOP di-isooctyl phthalate
Dip Moulding Moulding articles by dipping in PVC plastisols
DINCH di-isononyl cyclohexane
DINP di-isononyl phthalate
DMP di-methyl phthalate
DOP di-octyl phthalate (see DEHP)
DOTP di-octyl tere-phthalate
DOTTG dioctyltin diisooctylthioglycolate
DTDP di-tridecyl phthalate
ECVM The European Council of Vinyl Manufacturers
EDOS 1,3-dioxane-based plasticizer
ELV end-of-life vehicles
EuPC European Plastics Converters
EU European Union
EVC European Vinyls Corporation
Extrusion Conversion step to melt process polymers
FGNR flue gas neutralization residue
GC/MS gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
HCl hydrochloric acid
I-TEQ International Toxic Equivalent (for dioxins/furans)
LOAEL Lowest observed adverse effect level
MOTTG monooctyltin triisooctylthioglycolate
MSW municipal solid waste
NaCl sodium chloride
NOAEL No observed adverse effect level
NTP National Toxicology Program
PAH polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
PCB polychlorinated biphenyls
PCDD polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
PCDD/F polychlorinated dioxins and furans in general
PCDF polychlorinated di-benzo-p-furans
PE polyethylene
Plastisols Highly plasticized liquid PVC resin
PP polypropylene
PET polyethylene terephthalate
PNI Plastics News International
PS polystyrene
PVC polyvinyl chloride
RDF refuse derived fuel
Slush Moulding Casting articles using PVC plastisols
TCDD tetrachloride dibenzo-p-dioxin
TDI total daily intake
TEF toxic equivalence factor
TEHTM tri(2-ethylhexyl) trimellitate
TEQ toxic equivalents
TOTM trioctyl trimellitate
tpa tonnes per annum
US-FDA US Food and Drug Administration
USPSC US Product Safety Commission
VCM vinyl chloride monomer
WTE waste-to-energy