Department of the Environment

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Publications archive - Waste and recycling


Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Biodegradable Plastics - Developments and Environmental Impacts

Nolan-ITU Pty Ltd
Prepared in association with ExcelPlas Australia
October, 2002


Abou-Zeid, D. M., Muller, R. J. and Deckwer, W. D., Journal of Biotechnology, 86, 113 (2001).

Dang MH. Birchler F. Wintermantel E., 'Toxicity Screening of Biodegradable Plastics .2. Evaluation of Cell Culture Test with Medium Extract', Journal of Environmental Polymer Degradation, 5, 49, 1997 Jan. 9.

Degli Innocenti, F., Compostability of Biodegradable Plastics -Standard Test Methods presented at International Workshop on Environmentally Degradable Plastics; Smolenice / Slovak Republic, October 4 - 8, 1999

Dewilde B. and Boelens J., Polymer Degradation & Stability, 59, 7, 1998

Fish, R.B.; Gallagher, F.G.; McKenna, J.M.; Tietz, R.F.; US Patent 5354616-A (1994).

Garcia, R.A. and Gho, J.G., 'Degradable/compostable concentrates, process for making degradable/compostable packaging materials and the products thereof', US Patent 5 854 304, 1998.

Goldstein, N & Block, D. 'Sorting out the Plastic', Biocycle - Journal of Composting and Organics Recycling, The JG Press, Vol. 41, No.8, August 2000.

Hiroshi, Y.; KenJi, C.; Japanese Patent J11247060-A (1999).

Hoshino, A., Sawada, H., Yokota, M., Tsuji, M., Fukuda, K. and Kimura, M., Soil Science & Plant Nutrition, 47, 35 (2001).

Janik, H., Justrebska, M., Rutkawska, M., 'Biodegradation of Polycaprolactone in Sea Water', Reactive Functional Polymers, 38 27, (1998).

Kitch, D., 'Global Overview - Biodegradable Polymers and Organics Recycling', Biocycle - Journal of Composting and Organics Recycling, The JG Press, February 2001.

Lim, S.W.; Jung I.K.; Lee, K.H.; Jin, B.S (1999). Structure and Properties of Biodegradable Gluten/Aliphatic Polyester Blends. Eur. Polym. J. 1999, 35, 1875-1881

Materials Safety Data Sheet, Ethylene Glycol, Mallinckodt Baker, 2001.

Ohtake, Y., Kobayashi, T., Asabe, H., Murakami, N. and Ono, K., 'Oxidative degradation and molecular weight change of LDPE buried under bioactive soil for 32-37 years', Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 70, 1643 (1998).

Purushothaman, M., Anderson, R. K. I., Narayana, S. and Jayaraman, V. K., Bioprocess & Biosystems Engineering, 24, 131 (2001).

Ratto, J.A.; Stenhouse, P.J.; Auerbach, M.; Mitchell, J.; Farrell, R.(1999). Processing, Performance and Biodegradability of a Thermoplastic Aliphatic Polyester/Starch System, Polymer 1999, 40, 6777-6788

Rutkowska M; Krasowska K; Heimowska A; Smiechowska M; Janik H, 'The influence of different processing additives on biodegradation of poly(epsilon-caprolactone', Iranian Polymer Journal, 9, 221 (2000).

Shin, P. K., Kim, M. H., and Kim, J. M., Journal of Environmental Polymer Degradation, 5(1):33-39, Jan 1997.

Styropor Technical Information Bulletin T10/1/2-810 E, BASF (Germany), May, 1994.

Toyohiko, M.; Japanese Patent J2000045124-A (2000).

Yoshihiro, S.; Kimio, T.; Kiyoo, I.; Tetsuya, I.; Japanese Patent JP 2000129646-A (2000).