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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

NSW Coastline Management Manual

New South Wales Government
September 1990

ISBN 0730575063

Appendix C: Coastline Hazards

Appendix C10 - Hazards, Processes and Coastline Types


The previous Appendices C have examined the hazards associated with various coastal processes. Seven separate hazards can be identified:

The first four of these hazards relate to the "stability" or behaviour of sandy beaches, i.e. the position of the backbeach erosion escarpment and the onshore profile of a sandy beach.

By way of summary of coastline hazards, this appendix identifies the coastal processes giving rise to the various hazards and the broad relevance of the hazards to the three coastline types of New South Wales. This allows councils to rapidly obtain an indication of the potentially more important hazards of relevance to their stretch of coastline.


Table C10.1 shows the principal processes that contribute to the different hazards. Because of their interrelated nature, various processes contribute to the same hazard. Note that the processes of Climate Change and Human Activity can contribute to all hazards.

Table C10.1

Table C10.1 Principal Processes Causing Coastline Hazards


To identify and assess specific hazards of relevance to a particular length of coastline, a detailed coastal process and hazard definition study is recommended. However, some hazards are generally of more significance to certain coastline types than others. Table C10.2 shows the hazards of potential relevance to the three coastal types of NSW.

Table C10.2

Table C10.2 Hazards of Potential Significance to the Three New South Wales Coastline Types

All coastline hazards are of potential relevance to Sandy Beaches. Slope and foundation problems and stormwater disposal are of particular concern to Coastal Bluffs, where slumping or foundation failure exacerbated by seepage can occur. The likelihood of inundation should also be checked for Coastal Bluffs. The stability of the rock face is the major potential hazard for Sea Cliffs.