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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

National Recovery Plan for Malleefowl

Joe Benshemesh
Environment Australia, October 2000
ISBN 0759010072

Note: This publication has been superseded by the National recovery plan for Malleefowl (Leipoa ocellata) - 2007

2) RECOVERY OBJECTIVES

Overall objectives

Recovery Criteria

To achieve the overall objectives, criteria for success are:

Specific objectives

SECURING EXISTING POPULATIONS

  1. Secure habitat
  2. Reduce the deleterious effects of introduced herbivores
  3. Reduce fire threats
  4. Reduce predation
  5. Reduce the isolation of fragmented populations
  6. Encourage Malleefowl-friendly agricultural practices
  7. Reduce road deaths of Malleefowl

INFORMATION NEEDED FOR MANAGEMENT

  1. Prepare regional plans
  2. Describe the current distribution of the species
  3. Monitor the abundance of the species at selected sites
  4. Investigate the population dynamics
  5. Describe the habitat requirements of Malleefowl
  6. Describe the genetic variation of Malleefowl
  7. Investigate infertility
  8. Develop remote sensing methods

COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT AND PROJECT COORDINATION

  1. Promote community involvement
  2. Encourage education and publicity
  3. Manage the recovery process

Actions are detailed in the following section and summarised in Table 1

Table 1. Summary of Actions. All of these Actions are important in at least some areas, and they are prioritised here from a national perspective in regard to their urgency and expected conservation outcomes for Malleefowl. See text for further details.

Specific objective

Actions

 

Priority

Basic criteria for success

1. Secure habitat

1.1

Retain habitat for Malleefowl

1

Important sites identified and secured in some form

 

1.2

Encourage conservation agreements

1

Important sites identified and secured in some form

 

1.3

Support initiatives that reduce salinity

2

Salinity reduced in susceptible areas

2. Reduce grazing pressure

2.1

Remove goats and stock from reserves

1

Goat numbers reduced

 

2.2

Close or fence artificial waters from goats and stock

1

Goat numbers reduced

 

2.3

Erect fences where appropriate to protect habitat

1

Important sites fenced from stock

 

2.4

Reduce rabbits where common, esp. in small reserves

2

Rabbit numbers reduced

 

2.5

Inform graziers of Malleefowl requirements

1

Awareness raised

3. Reduce fire threat

3.1

Large reserves: Identify key areas for Malleefowl and protect these from large fires

1

Reduced risk of large fires and uniform burns

 

3.2

Small reserves: Provide access and protection

2

Reduced risk of fire completely consuming small reserves

 

3.3

Central Australia: Encourage traditional patch- burning

2

Reduced risk of large fire

 

3.4

Pastoral leaseholds: Discourage broad-scale burning

1

Reduced frequency and extent of broad-scale burning

4. Reduce predation

4.1

Record and centralise details of fox control

2

Fox control summarised on Malleefowl monitoring database

 

4.2

Small reserves: Integrate fox and rabbit control

1

Fox and rabbit numbers reduced

 

4.3

Large reserves: Aerial or other widespread baiting where Malleefowl decline

1

Fox numbers reduced

 

4.4

Central Australia: Bait foxes where common

3

Fox numbers reduced

5. Reduce isolation of fragmented populations

5.1

Maintain and/or revegetate corridors to link patches

1

Increased habitat links between important remnants

6. Encourage Malleefowl-friendly farming

6.1

Encourage asynchronous cropping around habitat remnants

3

Increased awareness amongst farmers of ways to benefit Malleefowl

7. Reduce road loss

7.1

Reduce grain spilt on roads near Malleefowl areas

3

Reduced occurrence of road kills

 

7.2

Erect signs on roads to caution drivers of Malleefowl presence in the area ahead

3

Signs erected and reduced occurrence of road kills

8. Provide information for regional planning

8.1

Prepare regional conservation plans for Malleefowl

1

Malleefowl plans prepared for each region or state

Specific objective

Actions

 

Priority

Basic criteria for success

9. Monitor trends in abundance

9.1

Establish monitoring grids in WA, SA and NSW

1

At least 12 sites established and searched in each state

 

9.2

Monitor Malleefowl breeding numbers

1

At least 10 sites monitored each year in each state

 

9.3

Assess benefits of fox control

1

Fox numbers shown to be much reduced over at least 5 years

 

9.4

Facilitate and standardise monitoring

1

National standards and database developed

10. Determine current

10.1

Describe current distribution in settled areas

1

Distribution described

distribution

10.2

Describe current distribution in remote areas

1

Distribution described

11. Examine population

11.1

Examine feasibility of automatic recorders

2

Technique successfully developed

dynamics

11.2

Measure longevity in field

2

Longevity and turnover described (for PVA type analyses)

 

11.3

Measure recruitment of young

3

Recruitment of young into breeding population described (for PVA type analyses)

12. Describe habitat requirements

12.1

Perform habitat analyses of monitoring grids

2

Identification of critical habitat features for Malleefowl

13. Describe genetic variation

13.1

Perform mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses

3

Genetic structure determined at national level

14. Review translocation and captive programs

14.1

Review methods of translocation, captive-rearing and breeding programs

2

Provide husbandry manual, studbook and review role of captive-breeding programs

15. Investigate infertility

15.1

Examine breeding success where Malleefowl feed on chemically treated crops or pasture

4

Assessment of the need, if any, of further study

16. Develop remote sensing

16.1

Analyse results of previous thermal scans

4

Scan results analysed and related to ground-truth data

17. Communication between groups

17.1

Prepare and circulate national newsletter

1

Around the Mounds published biannually

 

17.2

Establish Internet discussion group or mailing list

2

Internet communication provided for community groups

 

17.3

Convene a national community forum

2

Enhanced communication and networks, standardised monitoring and collection of other data

18. Education and publicity

18.1

Display information on Malleefowl recovery effort at zoos

2

Appropriate information displayed at zoos

 

18.2

Establish a national Malleefowl Internet homepage

2

Homepage established providing information and with links to other groups

19. Manage recovery process

19.1

Regularly review, manage and update Plan by Recovery Team

1

Coordinated and appropriate management of recovery process