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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

National recovery plan for Albatrosses and Giant-petrels

Wildlife Scientific Advice, Natural Heritage Division
Environment Australia, October 2001

Note:This publication has been superseded by the National recovery plan for threatened albatrosses and giant petrels 2011—2016

9. Appendices

Appendix 1: Summary of IUCN Criteria (1996)

  Criteria Main numerical thresholds
Critically endangered Endangered Vulnerable
A Rapid decline >80% over 10 years or 3 generations >50% over 10 years or 3 generations >20% over 10 years or 3 generations
B Small range: Fragmented, declining or fluctuating Extent of occurrence <100km2 or area of occupancy <10km2 Extent of occurrence <5,000km2 or area of occupancy <500km2 Extent of occurrence <20,000km2 or area of occupancy <2000km2
C Small population: Declining <250 mature individuals <2,500 mature individuals <10,000 mature individuals
D1 Very small population <50 mature individuals <250 mature individuals <1000 mature individuals
D2 Very small range N/A N/A <100km2 or <5 locations
E Unfavourable population viability analysis Probability of extinction >50% within 10 years Probability of extinction >20% within 10 years Probability of extinction >10% within 10 years

From Baillie and Groombridge (1996)

Appendix 2: Content of Recovery Plans

Section 270 of the EPBC Act specifies the content of a Recovery Plan.

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: Section 270

  1. A recovery plan must provide for the research and management actions necessary to stop the decline of, and support the recovery of, the listed threatened species or ecological community concerned so that its chances of long-term survival in nature are maximised.
  2. In particular, the recovery plan must:
    1. state an objective to be achieved (for example, removing the species or community from a list, or indefinite protection of existing populations of a species or community); and
    2. state criteria against which achievement of the objectives is to be measured (for example, a specified number and distribution of viable populations of the species or community, or the abatement of threats to the species or community); and
    3. specify the actions needed to achieve the objectives; and
    4. identify threats to the species or community; and
    5. identify the habitats that are critical to the survival of the species or community concerned and the actions needed to protect those habitats; and
    6. identify any populations of the species or community concerned that are under particular pressure of survival and the actions needed to protect those populations; and
    7. state the estimated duration and cost of the recovery process; and
    8. identify:
      • interests that will be affected by the plan's implementation; and
      • organisations or persons who will be involved in evaluating the performance of the recovery plan; and
    9. specify any major benefits to native species or ecological communities (other than those to which the plan relates) that will be affected by the plan's implementation; and
    10. meet prescribed criteria (if any) and contain provisions of a prescribed kind (if any).
  3. In making a recovery plan, regard must be had to:
    1. the objects of this Act; and
    2. the most efficient and effective use of the resources that are allocated for conservation of species and ecological communities; and
    3. minimising any significant adverse social and economic impacts, consistently with the principles of ecologically sustainable development; and
    4. meeting Australia's obligations under international agreements between Australia and one or more countries relevant to the species or ecological community to which the plan relates; and
    5. the role and interests of indigenous people in the conservation of Australia's biodiversity.

Appendix 3: Breeding locations of all albatross and giant-petrel species covered in this Recovery Plan

Breeding Localities under Australian jurisdiction Locations containing populations of 'Breeding Species' Latitude Longitude
Macquarie Island 4 5418'S 15835'E
Albatross Island 4 4023'S 14439'E
The Mewstone 4 4344'S 14622'E
Pedra Branca 4 4352'S 14658'E
Heard Island 4 5304'S 7312'E
McDonald Islands 4 5230'S 7217'E
Hawker Island 4 6839'S 7752'E
Frazier Islands 4 6614'S 11010'E
Giganteus Island 4 6737'S 6233'E
Breeding Localities not under Australian jurisdiction Locations containing populations of 'Breeding Species' Latitude Longitude
Adams Island: Auckland Islands   5053'S 16604'E
Amsterdam Island   3750'S 7730'E
Antarctic Peninsula 4 6900'S 6600'W
Antipodes Island 4 4942'S 17849'E
Anvers Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6413'S 6432'W
Auckland Island: Auckland Islands 4 5045'S 16600'E
Bonin Island   2700'N 14210'E
Bounty Island   4739'S 179'03'E
Bouvet Island   5426'S 324'E
Campbell Island 4 5233'S 16909'E
Cape Horn 4 5559'S 6716'W
Chatham Island 4 4352'S 17622'W
Crozet Islands 4 4627'S 5200'E
Dissapointment Island: Auckland Islands   5036'S 16559'E
Elephant Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6115'S 5557'W
Enderby Island : Auckland Islands   5030'S 16619'E
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) 4 5145'S 5900'W
French Frigate Shoals: NW Hawaiian Islands   2345'N 16615'W
Gough Island 4 4020'S 948'W
Greenwich Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6237'S 5946'W
Isla Clarion   1823'N 11440'W
Isla de los Estados 4 5447'S 6415'W
Isla Guadalupe   2902'N 11817'W
Breeding Localities not under Australian jurisdiction (cont.) Locations containing populations of 'Breeding Species' Latitude Longitude
Isla Noir 4 5430'S 7317'W
Isla Observatorio 4 5438'S 6430'W
Isla San Benedicto   1919'N 11048'W
Islas Diego Ramirez 4 5630'S 6852'W
Islas Ildefonso 4 5544'S 6926'W
Kauai Island: NW Hawaiian Islands   2214'N 15924'W
Kaula Island: NW Hawaiian Islands   2140'N 16032'W
Kerguelen Islands 4 4930'S 6930'E
King George Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6155'S 5826'W
Kure Atoll: NW Hawaiian Islands   2825'N 17810'W
Laysan Island: NW Hawaiian Islands   2542'N 17144'W
Lisianski Island: NW Hawaiian Islands   2602'N 17400'W
Livingston Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6253'S 6111'W
Marion Island 4 4655'S 3745'W
Midway Atoll: NW Hawaiian Islands   2812'N 17720'W
Necker Island: NW Hawaiian Islands   2335'N 16442'W
Nelson Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6222'S 5858'W
Niihau Island: NW Hawaiian Islands   2155'N 6014'W
Pearl and Hermes Reef: NW Hawaiian Islands   2755'N 17545'W
Prince Edward Island 4 4638'S 3755'W
Robert Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6228'S 5927'W
Seal Island: Antarctic Peninsula 4 6059'S 5523'W
Snares Island 4 4801'S 16634'E
Solander Island   4634'S 16641'E
South Georgia (Isla Georgia del Sur) 4 5415'S 3645'W
South Orkney Islands 4 6035'S 4503'W
South Sandwich Islands (Islas Sandwich del Sur) 4 5745'S 2603'W
St Paul Island   3845'S 7730'E
Stewart Island   4710'S 16803'E
Taiaroa Head: South Island, New Zealand   4546'S 17046'E
Three Kings Island   3411'S 17205'E
Tristan da Cunha   3719'S 1205'W