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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Kundip Wattle (Acacia rhamphophylla) recovery plan

Renée Hartley and Sarah Barrett
Government of Western Australia, Department of Environment and Conservation
Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, 2008

Note: This publication has been superseded by the Fitzgerald Biosphere Recovery Plan 2012


About the plan

Scientific Name: Acacia rhamphophylla
Common Name: Kundip Wattle
Family: Mimosaceae
Flowering Period: August to September
DEC Regions: South Coast
DEC District: Albany Work Centre
Shire: Ravensthorpe
Recovery Team: Albany District Threatened Flora Recovery Team

Illustrations and/or further information:

Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds). (1998) Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia; Western Australian Herbarium (1998) FloraBase - Information on the Western Australian Flora. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Current status:

Acacia rhamphophylla was declared as Rare Flora in 1996 under the Western Australian Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 and is currently ranked as Vulnerable (VU) in Western Australia under World Conservation Union (IUCN 2001) Red List Criterion D2, as 2000 plants are known over 5 hectares with little evidence of decline. The species is listed as Endangered under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.


This erect, woody-stemmed subshrub 0.2-0.4 m high, has densely crowded greyish-green, spreading phyllodes (flattened leaf stalks that function as leaves) that are 11 to 17 mm long. Each phyllode is prominently grooved and round ended, with a short point below the tip. The stems of the plant appear black due to a covering of short hairs and black recurved, bristly stipules that are 5 mm long. The globular yellow flower heads are 2.5 to 3 mm and are on stalks up to 12 mm long. They are solitary and held in the axils of phyllodes at the ends of the branches. The hard, thin, brittle and blackish pods are 10 to 15 mm long and semi-circular in cross-section.

Habitat requirements:

Acacia rhamphophylla is found in open shrub mallee on stony slopes in well drained sandy clay on or near contact between serpentine and banded iron formations. Plants are prominent in disturbed areas and along a drainage line.

Habitat critical to the survival of the species, and important populations:

Habitat critical to the survival of Acacia rhamphophylla includes the area of occupancy of important populations and areas of similar habitat surrounding important populations. These areas of similar habitat are important where they provide potential habitat for natural range extension and/or for allowing pollinators or biota essential to the continued existence of the species to move between populations. Additional occurrences of similar habitat that may contain important populations of the species or be suitable for future translocations or other recovery actions intended to create important populations are also considered habitat critical to survival. The single known population is important for the long-term recovery and survival of the species.

Benefits to other species/ecological communities:

The Ravensthorpe Range occurs within one of the fifteen National Biodiversity Hotspots. The Ravensthorpe Range is habitat for a number of endemic species and threatened species, and some twenty Priority taxa. Recovery actions put in place for Acacia rhamphophylla will benefit these species and reciprocally, recovery actions put in place for these species will benefit A. rhamphophylla.

International obligations:

This plan is fully consistent with the aims and recommendations of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Acacia rhamphophylla is not specifically listed under any international treaty and therefore this plan does not affect Australia's obligations under any other international agreements.

Role and interests of Indigenous people:

Involvement of the Indigenous community is being sought through the advice of the Department of Indigenous Affairs to determine whether there are any issues or interests identified in the plan. A search of the Department of Indigenous Affairs Aboriginal Heritage Sites Register has identified six registered sites occurring in close proximity to the Acacia rhamphophylla population. Where no role is identified for the Indigenous community associated with this species in the development of the recovery plan, opportunities may exist through cultural interpretation and awareness of the species.

Indigenous involvement in the implementation of recovery actions will be encouraged.

Affected interests:

This species is located on Crown land under mining tenements.

Social and economic impacts:

The implementation of this recovery plan has the potential to have some social and economic impact as the population is located on mining tenements.

However, recovery actions refer to continued negotiations between stakeholders with regard to these areas.

Evaluation of the Plan's Performance:

The Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC), in conjunction with the Albany District Threatened Flora Recovery Team (ADTFRT) will evaluate the performance of this IRP.

Completed Recovery Actions:

The following recovery actions have been completed:

  1. All land managers have been notified of the location and threatened status of the species.
  2. Volunteers and staff from the DEC Albany Work Centre have regularly monitored the population.


The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the species in the wild.

Criteria for success:

The number of individuals within the population remains stable or increases over the five years of the plan.

Criteria for failure:

The number of individuals within the population decreases over the five years of the plan.

Recovery actions

  1. Coordinate recovery actions.
  2. Monitor the population.
  3. Liaise with land managers.
  4. Implement fire management.
  5. Collect seed.
  6. Obtain biological and ecological information.
  7. Conduct further surveys.
  8. Investigate the methodology for future translocation(s).
  9. Map habitat critical to the survival of the species.
  10. Promote awareness.
  11. Review the IRP and assess the need for further recovery actions.