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National recovery plan for Arachnorchis macroclavia (syn. Caladenia macroclavia) (Large - club Spider - orchid)

Doug Bickerton
National Parks and Wildlife SA
In partnership with Threatened Plant Action Group, February 2003

Note: This publication has been superseded by the Recovery Plan for Twelve Threatened Orchids in the Lofty Block Region of South Australia 2010

Recovery Plan for Arachnorchis macroclavia cover page

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Appendix 1

Table 8 – A plant species list for Agery Reserve and Mona Railway Reserve and an orchid list for Muloowurtie Conservation Reserve.
Agery Reserve – Revised from the Agery Reserve Property Review Report (Crawford & Carter, 2001), including:
  1. Nature Preservation Committee (1979),
  2. D. Kraehenbuehl (1980),
  3. C. Whisson & D. Lehman (1989),
  4. S. Croft (1997),
  5. C. & M. Houston (1999 – 2001)

Mona Reserve  – Revised from:

  1. B. Copley's hand notes (1966) and
  2. K. & B. Bayley's hand notes of orchid species (2000).

Muloowurtie Reserve – Revised from:

  1. K. & B. Bayley's hand notes of orchid species (2000).
  2. B. & K. Bates (1999)
*: Non-indigenous species
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME AGERY MONA MULOOWURTIE
Acacia colletioides Wait-a-while   6  
Acacia cupularis Cup Wattle     8
Acacia farinosa Mealy Wattle     8
Acacia hakeoides Hakea Wattle 2    
Acacia ligulata Umbrella Bush   6  
Acacia microcarpa Manna Wattle     8
Acacia notabilis Notable Wattle     8
Acacia oswaldii Umbrella Wattle   6  
Acacia rhetinocarpa Neat Wattle     8
*Acacia saligna Golden Wreath Wattle     8
Acacia sclerophylla Hard-leaf Wattle 2 6 8
Acacia spinescens Spiny Wattle 2, 3   8
Acianthus pusillus Mosquito Orchid 5   7, 8
*Acroptilon repens Creeping Knapweed     8
Acrotriche cordata Coast Ground-berry 2, 3    
Acrotriche patula Shiny Ground-berry 2, 3   8
Actinobole uliginosum Flannel Cudweed   6 8
*Adonis microcarpa Pheasant's Eye     8
*Agave americana American Aloe 3    
Agrostis avenacea A Blown Grass     8
*Aira cupaniana A Silvery Hair-grass     8
Allocasuarina verticillata Drooping She-oak     8
*Aloe sp. An Aloe     8
*Alyssum linifolium Flax-leaved Alyssum   6  
Alyxia buxifolia Sea Box 3 6 8
Amyema melaleucae A Mistletoe 2 6  
Amyema miquelii Box Mistletoe     8
Amyema preissii Wire-leaved Mistletoe     8
*Anagallis arvensis Scarlet Pimpernel     8
*Anchusa arvensis Wild Bugloss     8
Arachnorchis (syn. Caladenia) cardiochila Thick-lipped Spider-orchid     7
Arachnorchis (syn. Caladenia) macroclavia Large-club Spider-orchid 5 7 7, 8
Arachnorchis (syn. Caladenia) stricta Rigid combed Spider-orchid 5   7
Arachnorchis (syn. Caladenia) tensa Rigid Spider-orchid 5 7 7
Arachnorchis (syn. Caladenia) verrucosa A Spider-orchid 5 7  
Arachnorchis sp . Spider-orchid 1, 5 6, 7  
*Arctotheca calendula Capeweed     8
*Arenaria serpillifolia Thyme-leaved Sandwort     8
Arthropodium fimbriatum Nodding Chocolate-lily   6  
*Arundo donax Bamboo     8
*Asparagus asparagoides Bridal Creeper 1, 3   8
*Asphodelus fistulosus Onion Weed     8
Astroloma humifusum Native Cranberry 2    
Atriplex semibaccata Berry Saltbush     8
Austrostipa acrociliata Graceful Spear-grass     8
?Austrostipa blackii Crested Spear-grass     8
Austrostipa drummondii Cottony Spear-grass     8
Austrostipa elegantissima Elegant Spear-grass 2, 3 6  
Austrostipa flavescens A Spear-grass   6  
Austrostipa semibarbata Fibrous Spear-grass   6  
Austrostipa sp. A Spear-grass     8
Avellinia michelii Avellinia   6 8
*Avena fatua Wild Oats   6  
*Avena sp. Wild Oats     8
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME AGERY MONA MULOOWURTIE
         
Baeckea crassifolia Desert Baeckea 1, 2, 3   8
Bertya mitchellii Mitchell Bertya 2    
Beyeria lechenaultii Pale Turpentine Bush 2   8
Billardiera cymosa Sweet Apple-berry 1    
?Billardiera scandens An Apple-berry     8
Billardiera sericophora Silky Apple-berry 3, 4 6  
Billardiera versicolor Pale Apple-berry     8
Boronia coerulescens Blue Boronia     8
Boronia inornata ssp. leptophylla Desert Boronia     8
Brachycome ciliaris Variable Daisy     8
Brachycome ciliaris ssp . lanuginosa Variable Daisy     8
Brachycome goniocarpa Dwarf Daisy     8
Brachycome lineariloba Hard-headed Daisy   6 8
*Brachypodium distachyon False Brome     8
*Bromus spp. Bromes     8
Bulbine alata Leek Lily     8
*Bupleurum semicompositum Bupleurum   6 8
Calandrinia calyptrata Small-leaved Parakeelya     8
Calandrinia eremaea Small Purslane   6  
Callistemon rugulosus Scarlet Bottle-brush     8
Callitris canescens Scrubby cypress-pine     8
Calonema (syn. Caladenia) capillatum White Wispy Spider-orchid 5   7, 8
Calotis hispidula Bogan Flea   6  
Calytrix tetragona Common Fringe-myrtle 2    
*Carduus tenuiflorus Slender Thistle     8
Carpobrotus rossii Karkalla     8
*Carrichtera annua Ward‘s Weed     8
Cassytha melantha Coarse Dodder-laurel 1, 2   8
Cassytha peninsularis Streaked Dodder-laurel     8
Cassytha pubescans Downy Dodder-laurel 2    
Cassytha sp . Dodder-laurel 3    
Centrolepis polygyna Wiry Centrolepis     8
*Cerastium glomeratum Broad-leaved Mouse-ear Chick Weed     8
Chamaescilla corymbosa var . corymbosa Blue Squill 2    
Cheiranthera alternifolia Finger-flower     8
*Chenopodium album Fat Hen     8
Chenopodium desertorum Desert Goosefoot     8
Chenopodium pumilio Clammy Goosefoot     8
Chloris truncata Windmill Grass     8
Choretrum glomeratum Berry Broombush     8
Chrysocephalum apiculatum Common Everlasting 3 6  
C. semipapposum Clustered Everlasting 2 6 8
Clematis microphylla Old Man‘s Beard 2, 3 6  
Comesperma volubile Love Creeper 2 6 8
Correa  reflexa var. coriacea Thick-leaf Correa 1    
Correa  reflexa var. reflexa Common Correa 1, 2, 3   8
Corybas sp . Helmet-orchid 2    
Crassula closiana A Stonecrop     8
Crassula colorata Dense Stonecrop   6  
Crassula decumbens Spreading Stonecrop     8
Crassula sieberiana Sieber‘s Stonecrop     8
*Critesion marinum Sea Barley     8
Cryptandra amara var . amara Spiny Cryptandra 2   8
Cryptandra leucophracta Rusty Poison     8
CUCURBITACEAE spp. Melons     8
*Cynodon nlemfuensis A Couch-grass     8
Cyrtostylis robusta Robust Gnat-orchid 1, 2, 5   7, 8
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME AGERY MONA MULOOWURTIE
Dampiera rosmarinifolia Wild Rosemary 2, 3 6 8
Danthonia caespitosa White-top Wallaby-grass   6 8
Danthonia setacea Bristly Wallaby-grass     8
Danthonia sp . Wallaby Grass 3    
Daucus glochidiatus Native Carrot 2 6 8
*Dezmazeria rigida Fern Grass     8
Dianella revoluta var . brevicaulis Black-anther Flax-lily     8
Dianella revoluta var . revoluta Black-anther Flax-lily 1, 2, 3 6 8
*Dittrichia graveolens Stinkwort     8
Dodonaea bursariifolia Small Hop-bush 2   8
Dodonaea hexandra Horned Hop-bush 2, 3   8
Dodonaea humilis Dwarf Hop-bush     8
Drosera glanduligera Scarlet Sundew     8
Drosera macrantha ssp . planchonii Climbing Sundew 1, 2   8
*Echium plantagineum Salvation Jane     8
*Ehrarta sp. Veldt Grass     8
Einadia nutans ssp . nutans Climbing Saltbush 1, 2, 3   8
Enchylaena tomentosa var . tomentosa Ruby Saltbush  1, 2, 3   8
Enchylaena crinitum Blue Stork‘s-bill   6  
Eriochilus cucullatus Parson‘s Bands 1, 2, 5   7, 8
*Erodium spp. Cranesbills     8
Eucalyptus 'anceps‘ Sessile-fruited White Mallee     8
Eucalyptus brachycalyx Gilja     8
Eucalyptus calycogona Square-fruited Mallee   6  
Eucalyptus dumosa White Mallee 1, 3, 4   8
Eucalyptus gracilis Yorrell 1 6 8
Eucalyptus incrassata Ridge-fruited Mallee 1, 2, 3   8
Eucalyptus leptophylla Narrow-leaved Red Mallee 2, 3    
Eucalyptus oleosa Red Mallee 1 6 8
Euchiton sphaericus       8
Euphorbia drummondii Flat Spurge     8
Eutaxia diffusa Large-leaved Eutaxia 3 6  
Eucalyptus porosa Mallee Box 1, 2    
Eucalyptus socialis Red Mallee 1, 2   8
Eutaxia microphylla var . microphylla Common Eutaxia 2 6 8
Exocarpos aphylla Leafless Cherry 1, 2, 3   8
Exocarpos sparteus Slender Cherry 2   8
*Filago pygmaea       8
Gahnia deustia Limestone Saw-sedge 2, 3   8
Gahnia lanigera Desert Saw-sedge 1, 2    
*Galenia pubsecens Coastal Galenia     8
Galium migrans Telopea     8
*Galium murale Small Goosegrass     8
Geijera parviflora Wilga     8
Genoplesium nigricans Mallee midge-orchid 5 7 7, 8
Genoplesium sp. Midge-orchid     7
Gonocarpus mezianus Broad-leaf Raspwort 2, 3    
Gonocarpus tetragynus Small-leaf Raspwort 2    
Goodenia affinis Silver Goodenia   6  
Goodenia pinnatifida Cut-leafed Goodenia   6  
Goodenia pusilliflora Small-flowered Goodenia   6  
Goodenia robusta Woolly Goodenia     8
Goodenia varia Sticky Goodenia 2, 3   8
Grevillea huegelii Comb Grevillea   6  
Grevillea ilicifolia var . ilicifolia Holly Grevillea 1, 2, 3   8
Halgania andromedifolia Lavender Halgania     8
Halgania cyanea Rough Halgania 2, 3    
Haloragis acutangula Smooth Raspwort     8
*Hedypnois rhagadioloides Cretan Weed     8
Helichrysum bilobum Rough Everlasting   6  
Helichrysum leucopsidium Satin Everlasting 2, 3 6 8
Helichrysum tepperi Delicate Everlasting   6  
*Heliotropium europaeum Potato Weed     8
Helipterum hyalospermum Golden Sunray   6  
Helipterum pygmaeum Pigmy Sunray   6  
*Hernaria hirsuta Rupture-wort   6  
Hibbertia riparia Smooth-leaf guinea-flowerG 2, 3   8
Hibbertia virgata Twiggy Guinea-flower 1, 2    
*Homeria flaccida One-leaved Cape Tulip     8
Hybanthus floribundus Shrub Violet     8
Hydrocotyle callicarpa Tiny Pennywort     8
Hydrocotyle muscosa Mossy Pennywort     8
*Hordeum sp. A Barley-grass     8
Hyalosperma demissum A Sunray     8
Hydrocotyle pilifera Pennywort   6  
Hypoxis glabella Yellow Star     8
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME AGERY MONA MULOOWURTIE
Isoetopsis graminifolia Grass Cushion   6 8
Ixiolaena leptolepis Stalked Ixiolaena   6  
Juncus bufonius Toad Rush     8
Kennedia prostrata Running Postman     8
*Lagurus ovatus Hares Tail Grass     8
Lasiopetalum baueri Slender Velvet-bush 2, 3    
Lasiopetalum behrii Pink Velvet-bush 1, 2   8
Lasiopetalum discolor Coast Velvet-bush     8
Lasiopetalum schulzenii Drooping Velvet-bush     8
Lawrencia spicata Salt Lawrencia     8
*Lepidium africanum Common Peppercress     8
Lepidosperma congestum Clustered Sword-sedge 2, 3    
Lepidosperma viscidum Sticky Sword-sedge 2 6  
Lepidosperma sp. A Sword-sedge 1    
Leptorhynchos squamatus Scaly Buttons 2    
Leucopogon cordifolius Heart-leaved Bearded-heath 2, 3, 4    
*Linum strictum Upright Yellow Flax     8
Lobelia gibbosa Tall Lobelia   6  
Logania ovata Oval-leaved Logania     8
Lomandra effusa Scented Mat-rush 2    
Lomandra juncea Irongrass     8
Lomandra nana Small Mat-rush 2    
Lomandra sp. A Mat-rush 1    
Lotus sp. Lotus   6  
*Lycium ferocissimum African Boxthorn 3   8
Lysiana exocarpi Harlequin Mistletoe     8
Lythrum hyssopifolia Lesser Loosestrife     8
Maireana brevifolia Small-leaved Blue-bush   6  
Maireana excavata Bottle Blue-bush   6  
Maireana rohrlachii A Blue-bush   6  
Maireana sp. A Blue-bush     8
*Malva parviflora Small-flowered Marshmallow     8
*Marrubium vulgare Horehound     8
Melaleuca lanceolata ssp . lanceolata Dryland Tea-tree 2, 3 6 8
Melaleuca uncinata Broombush 1, 2, 3   8
*Mesambryanthemum crystallinum Common Iceplant     8
*Medicago spp. Medics     8
Melaleuca acuminata Mallee Honey-myrtle 1, 2, 3   8
Microcybe pauciflora Yellow Microcybe 3, 4    
Microseris lanceolata Yam Daisy 2    
Microtis sp. An Onion-orchid 2, 5   7, 8
Millotia muelleri Common Bow-flower     8
Millotia myosotidifolia Broad-leaved Millotia   6  
Millotia tenuifolia Soft Millotia     8
*Minuarta hybrida Slender-leaved Sandwort     8
Minuria leptophylla Minnie Daisy   6  
Muehlenbeckia adpressa Climbing Lignum     8
Muehlenbeckia gunnii Coastal Lignum 1    
Myoporum insulare Native Juniper     8
Myoporum platycarpum False Sandalwood     8
Neurachne alopecuroidea Fox-tail Mulga-grass 1    
*Oenothera sp. An Evening Primrose     8
Olearia brachyphylla A Daisy-bush     8
Olearia ciliata Fringed Daisy-bush     8
Olearia decurrens Clammy Daisy-bush     8
Olearia floribunda var. floribunda Heath Daisy-bush 2 6  
Olearia muelleri Mueller‘s Daisy-bush   6  
Olearia ramulosa Twiggy Daisy-bush 2   8
*Onopordon acaulon Stemless Thistle     8
Opercularia turpis Twiggy Stinkweed     8
Ophioglossum lusitanicum Austral Adder‘s Tongue   6  
Oxalis perennans Native Wood-sorrel     8
Oxalis pes-caprae Soursob     8
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME AGERY MONA MULOOWURTIE
Parietaria debilis Shade Pellitory     8
*Parapholis incurva Curly Ryegrass     8
Pheladenia (syn. Caladenia or Cyanicula) deformis Blue Fairies 5   7
Phyllangium sp. Wiry Mitrewort     8
*Picnomon acarna Soldier Thistle     8
Pimelea glauca Smooth Riceflower 2    
Pimelea micrantha Silky Rice-flower   6  
Pimelea serpyllifolia ssp. s erpyllifolia Thyme Rice-flower 2, 3   8
Pittosporum phylliraeoides var . microcarpa Native Apricot 2, 3   8
*Plantago bellardii Hairy Plantain   6  
Plantago sp. A Native Plantain     8
*Poa annua Winter Grass     8
*Plantago coronopus Buckshorn Plantain     8
*Poa bulbosa Bulbous Meadow-grass     8
Podolepis canescans Large Copper-wire Daisy   6  
Podolepis jaceoides Showy Podolepis   6  
Podolepis rugata var . rugata Pleated Podolepis 2, 3    
Podolepis tepperi Delicate Everlasting     8
*Polygonum aviculare Wireweed     8
Pogonolepis muelleriana Stiff Cup-flower     8
Pomaderris paniculosa Coast Pomaderris 2 6  
Poranthera triandra Three-petal Poranthera     8
Prasophyllum odoratum Scented Leek-orchid 5   8
Prasophyllum sp. A Leek-orchid     8
Prostanthera serpyllifolia ssp. microphylla Small-leaf Mintbush     8
Pterostylis biseta Rusty Hood   6, 7  
Pterostylis boormanii Sikh‘s Whiskers   6  
Pterostylis dolichochila Mallee Shell-orchid 5   7, 8
Pterostylis erythroconcha Red Shell-orchid 2   7, 8
Pterostylis excelsa Dryland Green-hood   6, 7  
Pterostylis aff. longifolia Tall Green-hood     7, 8
Pterostylis mutica Midget Green-hood 2, 5 6, 7 7, 8
Pterostylis nana Dwarf Green-hood 5   7
Pterostylis aff. nana A Dwarf Green-hood     8
Pterostylis pusilla Diminutive Green-hood 5   7
Pterostylis robusta Larger Striped Green-hood 1, 2, 5   7, 8
Pterostylis sanguinea Banded Green-hood 2, 5   7, 8
Pterostylis sp . Green-hood 2, 3    
Ptilotus spathulatus Pussytail   6  
*Reseda lutea Cut-leaved Mignonette     8
Rhagodia candolleana ssp. candolleana Seaberry Saltbush 2    
Rhagodia crassifolia Fleshy Saltbush 2, 3    
Rhagodia parabolica Mealy Saltbush 2 6  
Rhagodia preissii ssp. preissii Mallee Saltbush 2   8
Rhagodia spinescens Hedge Saltbush   6  
Rhodanthe corymbiflora Grey Sunray   6  
*Romulea minutiflora Lesser Guildford Grass     8
Rutidosus multiflora Small Wrinklewort     8
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME AGERY MONA MULOOWURTIE
*Sagina sp. A Pearlwort     8
*Salsola kali Buckbush     8
Santalum murrayanum Bitter Quandong 2    
Schoenus breviculmis Matted Bog-rush 2    
Santalum acuminatum Quandong 1, 2, 3 6 8
Sclerolaena diacantha Grey Copperburr 2 6  
Sclerolaena uniflora Bassia     8
*Scorzonera laciniatum Scorzonera     8
Senecio glossanthus Slender Groundsel 2 6 8
Senecio aff. lautus Variable Groundsel     8
Senecio quadridentatus Cotton Groundsel 2    
Senna nemophila var . platypoda Punty Bush   6  
*Silene gallica French Catchfly     8
*Silene nocturna Mediterranean Catchfly   6  
*Sisymbrium sp. A Mustard     8
*Sonchus asper Prickly Sow-thistle     8
*Spergularia aff. driandra Lesser Sand-spurrey     8
Spyridium eriocephalum Heath Spyridium 2    
Spyridium phylicoides Narrow-leaved Spyridium     8
Spyridium sp. A Spyridium 1, 3    
Stackhousia monogyna Creamy Candles   6  
*Stellaria pallida Lesser Chickweed     8
*Stenotaphrum secundatum Buffalo Grass     8
Tetragonia implexicoma Bower Spinach 1, 2    
Tetragonia sp. A Native Spinach     8
Teucrium sessiliflorum Camel Bush   6 8
Thelymitra antennifera Lemon Sun-orchid     7
Thelymitra luteocilium Early Pink Sun-orchid 5   8
Thelymitra nuda Scented Sun-orchid 5 7 7, 8
Thelymitra sp . Sun-orchid 1, 3 6 7
Threlkeldia diffusa Coast Bonefruit 1   8
Thryptomene micrantha Ribbed Thryptomene 1, 2    
Thysanotus baueri Mallee Fringe-lily     8
Thysanotus patersonii Twining Fringe-lily 2 6 8
Trifolium spp. Clovers     8
Velleia paradoxa Spur Velleia   6  
*Vicia cracca Tufted Vetch     8
Vittadinia blackii Western New Holland Daisy     8
Vittadinia gracilis Woolly New Holland Daisy     8
Vittadinia megacephala Giant New Holland Daisy   6 8
Vittadinia sp . A New Holland Daisy 3    
*Vulpia spp. Fescues     8
Wahlenbergia luteola A Native Bluebell     8
Wahlenbergia stricta Tall Bluebell   6  
Wahlenbergia gracilenta Annual Bluebell     8
Westringia rigida Stiff Westringia 2   8
Wurmbea dioica An Early Nancy 2 6 8
Zygophyllum ammophyllum Sand Twinleaf   6  
Zygophyllum aurantiacum Shrubby Twinleaf   6  
Zygophyllum crenatum Lobed Twinleaf   6  
Zygophyllum sp. A Twinleaf     8