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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

National recovery plan for Arachnorchis macroclavia (syn. Caladenia macroclavia) (Large - club Spider - orchid)

Doug Bickerton
National Parks and Wildlife SA
In partnership with Threatened Plant Action Group, February 2003

Note: This publication has been superseded by the Recovery Plan for Twelve Threatened Orchids in the Lofty Block Region of South Australia 2010

Recovery Plan for Arachnorchis macroclavia cover page

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Acknowledgment

The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance given by the following people: Bob Bates (NOSSA), Caroline Crawford (National Trust, SA), Tim Reynolds (TPAG), Roman Urban (DEH) and Brian and Sue Wehr (APS) in compiling this document. The support provided by members of the Lofty Block North Threatened Orchid Recovery Team (Annie Bond, Heather Bryant, Peter Copley, Ian Falkenberg, Michael Freak, Kate Greenhill, Cathy and Malcolm Houston, Ryan Incoll, Graham Lawrie, Shirley Meyer, Rosemary Pedler, Yvonne Steed, Adrian Stokes, Tony Sumner, Jocelyn Thomas and Rob Veitch) and members of the Native Orchid Society (SA) is much appreciated.

References

Agriculture & Resource Management Council of Australia & New Zealand, Australian & New Zealand Environment & Conservation Council and Forestry Ministers (2001). ‘Weeds of National Significance Bridal Creeper (Asparagus asparagoides) Strategic Plan.” National Weeds Strategy Executive Committee, Launceston.

Bates, B. and Bates, K. (1999).  Muloowurtie Conservation Reserve plant survey 1999. Unpublished. Threatened Plant Action Group, c/- Threatened Species Network, 120 Wakefield St Adelaide.

Bates, R.J. (pers. comm.) Personal conversations held in 2001 with an experienced field botanist, orchidologist and author of ‘Orchids of South Australia”.

Bayley, B. and Bayley, K. (2000). Orchid species list for Muloowurtie Reserve. Unpublished.

Bickerton, D.C. (2001[a]). Hand Pollination Protocol for Native Terrestrial Orchids in the Wild. Department for Environment and Heritage, South Australia.

Bickerton, D.C. (2001[b]). Translocation feasibility study for taxa covered by the Lofty Block Threatened Orchid Recovery Project. Unpublished. Department for Environment and Heritage, South Australia.

Briggs, J.D. and Leigh, J.H. (1995). ‘Rare and Threatened Australian Plants.” CSIRO Centre for Plant Diversity Research.

Copley, B. (1966). List of plant species observed at Mona Railway Reserve. Unpublished.

Crawford, C. and Carter, C. (2001). National Trust of South Australia – Natural Heritage Property Review Report. National Trust of South Australia.

Croft, S. (1997). Plant species list for Agery Reserve. Unpublished. Cited in Crawford & Carter (2001).

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act (1999). Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra.

Graham, A., Oppermann, A. and Inns, R. (2001). ‘Biodiversity Plan for the Northern Agricultural Districts”. Department for Environment and Heritage, South Australia.

Houston, C. and Houston, M. (1999 – 2001).Orchid species list for Agery Reserve. Unpublished. Cited in Crawford & Carter (2001).

International Union for Conservation of Nature (2001). ‘IUCN Red List Categories.” IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Jones, D. (1991). ‘Australian Orchid Research”. Australian Orchid Foundation 2, 28-29 Reed Publishing, Sydney.

Kraehenbeuhl, D. (1980). Plant species list for Agery Reserve. Unpublished. Cited in Crawford & Carter (2001).

National Trust of South Australia (1992). Management Plan for Agery Reserve. Unpublished, National Trust of South Australia.

Nature Preservation Committee (1979). Plant species list for Agery Reserve. Unpublished. Cited in Crawford & Carter (2001).

Reynolds, T. (1996). Management Plan for Section 202, Hundred of Muloowurtie and Neighboring Road Reserves (Habitat of the Endangered ‘Neat Wattle”, Acacia rhetinocarpa) in the District Council of Yorke Peninsula. Unpublished, District Council of Yorke Peninsula, Maitland, South Australia. Revised in 1998.

Reynolds, T. (2000[a]). ‘Project Pine Point.” Restoration of Threatened Plant Habitat. Project Update February 2000. Unpublished, Threatened Plant Action Group, 120 Wakefield St, Adelaide, South Australia.

Reynolds, T. (2000[b]). ‘Project Pine Point.” Restoration of Threatened Plant Habitat. Year 2000 Action Plan. Unpublished, Threatened Plant Action Group, 120 Wakefield St, Adelaide, South Australia.

Robertson, M. (1994). ‘Stop Bushland Weeds” Nature Conservation Society of South Australia Inc., 120 Wakefield St, Adelaide, South Australia. Reprinted in 1997.

Threatened Plant Population Database (2002). Dept. for Environment and Heritage, South Australia.

Whisson, C. and Lehman, K. (1989). Plant species list of Agery Reserve, compiled for Heritage Assessment. Unpublished. Cited in Crawford & Carter (2001).

Estimated Cost of Recovery


Table 7: Estimated Cost of Recovery
APBC – Adelaide Plant Biodiversity Centre; APS – Australian Plant Society; CCPBR – Canberra‘s Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research; FoAR – Friends of Agery Reserve; NOSSA – Native Orchid Society of South Australia; PO – Project Officer; TPAG – Threatened Plant Action Group; YPAPBC – Yorke Peninsula Animal & Plant Control Board.
ACTION EXPENSES COST ($) RESPONSIBILITY TIMEFRAME
1. Collect and store seed Travel, labour, postage NPWSA vehicle 1220
130
PO Year 1 to 5
2. Clarify the taxonomic status of outlying herbarium collections. Travel, accommodation, labour, telephone NPWSA vehicle 2240
470
APBC, CCPBR, PO Year 1 to 2
3.1.1. Protect mature plants with cages. Materials: tree guards, stakes – $1.45 x 100 plants
Travel, accommodation, labour
Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
150
1310
360
250
APS, FoAR, landowners, NOSSA, PO, TPAG Year 1 to 5
3.1.2. Implement and continue rabbit control at four sites. Contractor: 4hrs x 4 sites x 5 yrs x $50/hr
Materials: pesticides, explosives – $50/site/yr
Travel, accommodation, labour Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
4000
1000
1410
7200
280
APS, FoAR, landowners,
NOSSA, PO, TPAG,
YPAPBC
Year 1 to 5
3.1.3. Encourage landowners to place fences around A. macroclavia habitat. Materials: posts, wire – 2.0km @$2500/km
Telecommunications, travel, labour
NPWSA vehicle
5000
1080
270
Landowners, PO Year 1 to 5
3.2. Weed control at Agery, Mona and Muloowurtie. Herbicides: $100 x 3 sites x 5 yrs
Pruning and spray equipment: $200 x 3 sites
Travel, accommodation, labour
Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
1500
600
6150
12000
730
APS, FoAR, NOSSA, TPAG Year 1 to 5
3.3. Hand-pollinate flowering plants. Travel, accommodation, labour
Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
2050
5400
490
APBC, NOSSA, PO Year 1 to 5
4.1. Search for new sub-populations. Travel, accommodation, labour
Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
2350
12000
490
NOSSA, PO, TPAG Year 1 to 5
4.2.1. Investigate the potential for translocation. Travel, accommodation, labour
Laboratory costs
Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
600
220
1680
170
APBC, NOSSA, PO Year 1 to 5
4.2.2. Encourage landowners to place A. macroclavia habitat under conservation agreement. Telecommunications, travel, labour
NPWSA vehicle
1490
400
Landowners, PO Year 1 to 5
5. Manage the project through the Recovery Team Telecommunications, travel, labour, catering
Volunteer in-kind
NPWSA vehicle
5300
1600
110
Recovery Team members Year 1 to 5