Publications archive - Publications
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Environment Australia, September 7, 2003
A habitat is where something lives and grows, it is the combination of food, water and shelter that plants and animals need to stay alive.
Australia is made up of a wide range of climates from the hot, wet tropics to the dry, flat interior to the cool alpine areas. As a result, the country has an immense variety of habitats including swamps, grasslands, mangroves, forests, rainforests, woodlands and deserts.
Each of these habitats provides the right conditions for different types of plants and animals to survive and flourish. In their own habitat, our native animals find everything they need to survive, in particular food and water, but also hollow logs, boulders, caverns, loose bark and tree hollows which they need to shelter and breed.
For example, a desert might be perfect for a Great Desert Skink but a Giant Freshwater Crayfish couldn't find the right sort of food there to survive.