Biodiversity publications archive

National Strategy for the Conservation of Australia's Biological Diversity

Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1996
ISBN 0 6422 4427 8


The Strategy recognises that:

The goal is to protect biological diversity and maintain ecological processes and systems.


The following principles have been adopted as a basis for the Strategy's objectives and actions and should be used as a guide for implementation:

  1. Biological diversity is best conserved in-situ.
  2. Although all levels of government have clear responsibility, the cooperation of conservation groups, resource users, indigenous peoples, and the community in general is critical to the conservation of biological diversity.
  3. It is vital to anticipate, prevent and attack at source the causes of significant reduction or loss of biological diversity.
  4. Processes for and decisions about the allocation and use of Australia's resources should be efficient, equitable and transparent.
  5. Lack of full knowledge should not be an excuse for postponing action to conserve biological diversity.
  6. The conservation of Australia's biological diversity is affected by international activities and requires actions extending beyond Australia's national jurisdiction.
  7. Australians operating beyond our national jurisdiction should respect the principles of conservation and ecologically sustainable use of biological diversity and act in accordance with any relevant national or international laws.
  8. Central to the conservation of Australia's biological diversity is the establishment of a comprehensive, representative and adequate system of ecologically viable protected areas integrated with the sympathetic management of all other areas, including agricultural and other resource production systems.
  9. The close, traditional association of Australia's indigenous peoples with components of biological diversity should be recognised, as should the desirability of sharing equitably benefits arising from the innovative use of traditional knowledge of biological diversity.

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