Biodiversity Series, Paper No. 4
S.R. Morton, J. Short and R.D. Barker, with an Appendix by G.F. Griffin and G. Pearce
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1995
12. Refugia in the Northern Territory (continued)
12.4. Reference number NT4
Refuge area: Lake Surprise
Biogeographic region: Tanami
Type of refuge: Wetland
Lat./Long. 20°15’S / 131°50’E
Quality of refuge: Significant (2)
Area (km²): <100
Chief refuge value
A large freshwater lake forming a major refuge in a vast area without alternative surface water.
Lake Surprise (Yinapaka) is the terminus of the Lander River; it covers about 800 ha. It fills intermittently, perhaps on average every 10 years, but then retains water for two to three years1. It is surrounded by shrubland of Melaleuca glomerata and woodland primarily of coolibah Eucalyptus microtheca1, and by a massive dunefield containing several rare plants: Acacia jensenii, Pimelea ammocharis, Sauropus hunti, Olax spartea, Comesperma ?pallidum, Atriplex sp., and Eucalyptus aff. setosa2 . The Lake is unaffected by stock, feral animals or weeds3.
Other significant species
More than 30 species of waterbirds have been recorded, but there have been no systematic counts3.
1. Fleming (1993)
2. Latz (1988)
3. Gibson (1986)