Biodiversity Series, Paper No. 4
S.R. Morton, J. Short and R.D. Barker, with an Appendix by G.F. Griffin and G. Pearce
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1995
10. Refugia in Western Australia (continued)
10.22. Reference number WA22
Refuge area: Wooleen Lake
Biogeographic region: Murchison
Type of refuge: Wetlands
Lat./Long. 27°04’S / 116°11’E
Quality of refuge: Significant (2)
Area (km²): <100
Chief refuge value
Habitat for waterbird, particularly terns.
A floodplain lake and associated marshes on Roderick River, which outflows to the Murchison River six km downstream. It experiences some inundation in most years, and the whole lake and surrounding marshes fill once every 5-10 years. The Lake may be several metres deep when full. There is samphire (Halosarcia sp.) within the Lake, and lignum (Muehlenbaeckia cunninghamii) and low open woodland (Eucalyptus camuldulensis) around the margins1.
Other significant species
The Lake is a major breeding area for gull-billed terns Gelochelidon nilotica (5,000 reported breeding). Black swans Cygnus atratus and pink-eared ducks Malacorhynchus membranaceus breed at the Lake; freckled ducks Stictonetta naevosa are recorded1,2.
Possibly overgrazing in the catchment1.
1. Jaensch and Lane (1993)
2. Storr (1985)