Biodiversity publications archive

Refugia for biological diversity in arid and semi-arid Australia

Biodiversity Series, Paper No. 4
S.R. Morton, J. Short and R.D. Barker, with an Appendix by G.F. Griffin and G. Pearce
Biodiversity Unit
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, 1995

10. Refugia in Western Australia (continued)

10.18. Reference number WA18

Refuge area: Camballin Floodplain

Biogeographic region: Dampierland

Type of refuge: Wetland

Lat./Long. 17°53’ - 18°06’S / 124°11’ - 124°27’E

Quality of refuge: Significant (2)

Area (km²): <1,000

Chief refuge value

A major post-breeding refuge for waterbirds in the Kimberley region; a major breeding area for some waterbirds; and a major migration stop-over area for shorebirds1.

General description

A riverine floodplain contiguous with the Fitzroy River floodplain. Distinct wetlands include LeLievre Swamp, Moulamen Swamp, 17 Mile Dam, several unnamed swamps and Snake Creek. The system includes riverine floodplain, permanent river sections, seasonal streams, seasonal floodplain lakes, seasonal freshwater marshes, seasonally flooded forest and man-made reservoir and irrigated land1.

ANZECC-listed species

None identified.

Regional endemics

None identified.

Relict species

None identified.

Other significant species

Sixty-seven waterbird species are recorded, 20 of them listed under treaties1. Thirteen migrant shorebirds have been recorded, particularly sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata, little curlew Numenius minutus and oriental pratincole Glareola maldivarum, and wood sandpiper Tringa glareola. The marshes are also regionally significant for yellow chat Ephthianura crocea1. Freckled duck Stictonetta naevosa are recorded at Moulamen Swamp1.

Key threats

Water diversion to irrigated crops (sorghum); possibly new agricultural projects in seasonal wetlands; introduction of exotic plants1.

Land tenure

Pastoral leases (Liveringa and Camballin Farms). Dam managed by Western Australian Water Authority1.

Key references

1. Jaensch and Lane (1993)