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Publications archive - Biodiversity

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Key departmental publications, e.g. annual reports, budget papers and program guidelines are available in our online archive.

Much of the material listed on these archived web pages has been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

Review of existing Red Fox, Wild Dog, Feral Cat, Feral Rabbit, Feral Pig, and Feral Goat control in Australia. I. Audit

Ben Reddiex, David M. Forsyth, Eve McDonald-Madden, Luke D. Einoder, Peter A. Griffioen, Ryan R. Chick, and Alan J. Robley.
Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2004

10. Acknowledgments

We thank the following organisations and staff within those organisations for providing information on control operations that was used in this report: Australian Defence Force, Cook Shire Council (Cook Islands), Department of Environment and Heritage (Canberra), Environment ACT, New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, New South Wales State Forests, Rural Lands Protection Board, Centralian Land Management Association, Lowe Ecological Services, Parks and Wildlife Centre Northern Territory, Department of Natural Resources and Mines, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Arid Recovery Program (SA), Department of Environment and Heritage (SA), Rangeland Action Project, University of Adelaide, University of South Australia, Department of Primary Industries, Water and Environment, Department of Primary Industries, Department of Sustainability and Environment, Melbourne Water, Parks Victoria, Phillip Island Nature Park, Royal Botanical Gardens Melbourne, Department of Conservation and Land Management, CSIRO Western Australia, Western Australian Field and Game Association. We also thank the 486 local governments, 55 agricultural boards, and 39 universities that we contacted regarding their involvement in pest animal control in Australia. We thank Phoebe Macak and Kirstin Long for assisting with data collection, Graeme Swanson and Geoff Heard for assisting with data entry, and Michael Scroggie for assisting with figure designs. We thank Glen Saunders and John Parkes for commenting on a draft of this report.

11. References

Anderson, D. R. 2001. The need to get the basics right in wildlife field studies. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29:1294-1297.

Bomford, M.; Hart, Q. 2002. Non-indigenous vertebrates in Australia. Pp. 25-45 in D. Pimental (Ed.): Biological Invasions: Economic and Environmental Costs of Alien Plant, Animal, and Microbe Species. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.

Braysher, M. 1993. Managing Vertebrate Pests: Principles and Strategies. Bureau of Resource Sciences. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Caughley, G.; Gunn, A. 1996. Conservation Biology in Theory and Practice. Blackwell Science, Cambridge.

Choquenot, D.; Parkes, J. 2001. Setting thresholds for pest control: how does pest density affect resource viability? Biological Conservation 99: 29-46.

Choquenot, D.; McIlroy, Korn, T. 1996. Managing Vertebrate Pests: Feral Pigs. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Choquenot, D.; Lukins, B.; Curran, G. 1997. Assessing lamb predation by feral pigs in Australia's semi-arid rangelands. Journal of Applied Ecology 34: 1445-1454.

Coomes, D.A.; Allen, R.; Forsyth, D.M.; Lee, W.G. 2003. How reversible are the impacts of introduced deer in New Zealand forests? Conservation Biology 17: 450-459.

Department of the Environment and Heritage 2003. Draft threat abatement plan for predation, habitat degradation, competition and disease transmission by feral pigs. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Canberra.

Dickman, C.R. 1996. Overview of the impacts of feral cats on Australian native fauna. Unpublished Report to the Australian Nature Conservation Agency.

Environment Australia. 1999a. Threat abatement plan for competition and land degradation by feral rabbits. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra.

Environment Australia. 1999b. Threat abatement plan for competition and land degradation by feral goats. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra.

Environment Australia. 1999c. Threat abatement plan for predation by the European red fox. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra.

Environment Australia. 1999d. Threat abatement plan for predation by feral cats. Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia, Canberra.

Fleming, P.J.S.; Parker, R.W. 1991. Temporal decline of 1080 within meat baits used or wild dog control in New South Wales. Wildlife Research 18: 729-740.

Fleming, P.; Corbett, L.; Harden, R.; Thomson, P. 2001. Managing the Impacts of Dingoes and Other Wild Dogs. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.

Forsyth, D.M.; Parkes, J.P. 2004. Maximising the conservation benefits of the commercial goat industry in Australia. Unpublished final report for the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage. 79 p.

Friend, J.A.; Scanlon, M.D. 1996. Assessment of the effect of fox control on populations of the red-tailed phascogale. Phase 4: final report. ANCA Feral Pests Program Project 18. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Friend, J.A.; Thomas, N.D. 2003. Conservation of the numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus). Pp. 452-463 in: M. Jones, C. Dickman and M. Archer (Eds.), Predators with Pouches: The Biology of Carnivorous Marsupials. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

Henzell, R.P. 1991. Rabbits, feral goats, mulga, and rangeland stability. Australian Vertebrate Pest Control Conference 9: 18-21.

Hone, J. 1994. Analysis of vertebrate pest control. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hone, J. 1999. Fox control and rock-wallaby population dynamics - assumptions and hypotheses. Wildlife Research 26: 671-673.

Hone, J. 2002. Feral pigs in Namadgi National Park, Australia: dynamics, impacts and management. Biological Conservation 105: 231-242.

Hurlbert, S.H. 1984. Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs 54: 187-211.

Johnson, D.H. 2002. The importance of replication in wildlife research. Journal of Wildlife Management 66: 919-932.

Kinnear, J.E., Onus, M.L., Sumner, N.R. 1998. Fox control and rock-wallaby population dynamics - II. An update. Wildlife Research 25: 81-88.

Kleijn, D.; Sutherland, W.J. 2003. How effective are European agri-environment schemes in conserving and promoting biodiversity? Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 947-969.

Macnab, J. 1983. Wildlife management as scientific experimentation. Wildlife Society Bulletin 11: 397-401.

McArdle, B.H.; 1996. Levels of evidence in studies of competition, predation, and disease. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 20: 7-15.

Molsher, R. 1999. The ecology of feral cats, Felis catus, in open forest in New South Wales: Interactions with food resources and foxes. Ph.D. Thesis, university of Sydney, New South Wales.

Morris, A.; Johnson, B.; Orell, P.; Gaikhorst, G.; Wayne, A.; Moro, D. 2003. Recovery of the threatened chuditch (Dasyurus geoffroii). Pp. 435-451 in: M. Jones, C. Dickman and M. Archer (Eds.), Predators with Pouches: The Biology of Carnivorous Marsupials. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service 2001. Threat abatement plan for predation by the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.

Parkes, J.; Henzell, R.; Pickles, G. 1996. Managing Vertebrate Pests: Feral Goats. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Platt, J.R. 1964. Strong inference. Science 146: 347-353.

Reddiex, B.; Forsyth, D. 2004. Review of existing red fox, wild dog, feral cat, rabbit, feral pig and feral goat control in Australia. II. Information Gaps. Unpublished final report for the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage. Pp. 38.

Robley, A.; Reddiex, B.; Arthur, T.; Pech, R.; Forsyth, D. 2004. Interactions between feral cats, foxes, native carnivores, and feral rabbits in Australia. Unpublished final report for the Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage. Pp. 75.

Romesburg, H.C. 1981. Wildlife science: gaining reliable knowledge. Journal of Wildlife Management 45: 293-313.

Rosenthal, R. 1979. The 'file drawer' problem and tolerance for null results. Psychological Bulletin 85: 185-193.

Sandell, P.R. 2002. Implications of rabbit haemorrhagic disease for the short-term recovery of semi-arid woodland communities in north-west Victoria. Wildife Research 29: 591-598.

Sandell, P.R.; Start, A.N. 1999. Rabbit calicivirus disease program report 4: Implications for biodiversity in Australia. A report of research conducted by participants of the Rabbit Calicivirus Disease Monitoring and Surveillance Program and Epidemiology Research Program. Prepared for the RCD Management Group. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.

Saunders, G.; Coman, B.; Kinnear, J.; Braysher, M. 1995. Managing Vertebrate Pests: Foxes. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Saunders, G.; Kay, B.; McLeod, L. 1999. Caching of baits by foxes (Vulpes vulpes) on agricultural lands. Wildlife Research 26: 335-340.

Thompson, W. L., G. C. White, and C. Gowan. 1998. Monitoring vertebrate populations. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.

Twigg, L.E.; Lowe, T.J.; Martin, G.R.; Wheeler, A.G.; Gray, G.S.; Griffin, S.L.; O'Reilly, C.M.; Robinson, D.J.; Hubach, P.H. 2000. Effects of surgically imposed sterility on free-ranging rabbit populations. Journal of Applied Ecology 37: 16-39.

Van Polanen Petel, A.M.; Marks, C.A.; Morgan, D.G. 2001. Bait palatability influences the caching behaviour of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). Wildlife Research 28: 395-401.

Veltman, C.J.; Pinder, D.N. 2001. Brushtail possum mortality and ambient temperatures following aerial poisoning using 1080. Journal of Wildlife Management 65: 391-396.

Walters, C.J.; Green, R. 1997. Valuation of experimental management options for ecological systems. Journal of Wildlife Management 61: 987-1006.

Warburton, B. 2000. Monitoring possum populations. Pages 132-142 in T. L. Montague, editor. The brushtail possum: biology, impact and management of an introduced marsupial. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, New Zealand.

West, P.; Saunders, G. 2003. Pest animal survey 2002: an analysis of pest animal distribution and abundance across NSW and the ACT. Vertebrate Pest Research Unit, New South Wales Agriculture, Orange.

Williams, K.; Parer, I.; Coman, B.; Burley, J.; Braysher, M. 1995. Managing Vertebrate Pests: Rabbits. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.