Atmosphere

Air toxics and indoor air quality in Australia

State of knowledge report
Environment Australia, 2001
ISBN 0 6425 4739 4

Acronyms

AAQ
ambient air quality
ABS
Australian Bureau of Statistics
ACGIH
American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists
ACT
Australian Capital Territory
ADD
attention deficit disorder
ADHD
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADI
acceptable daily intake
ADR
Australian Design Rule
AGAL
Australian Government Analytical Laboratories
agvet
agricultural and veterinary (chemicals)
AHMAC
Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council
AICS
Australian Inventory of Chemical Substances
AQM
air quality management
ANTS
A New Tax System
ANZECC
Australia and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council
AQM
air quality management
ARET
Accelerated Reduction/Elimination of Toxics
ARMCANZ
Agriculture and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand
AS/NZS
Australian Standard/New Zealand Standard
ATP
Air Toxics Program
Avcare
National Association for Crop Protection and Animal Health
AVOCS
ambient volatile organic canister sampler
BaP
benzo[a]pyrene
BD
biodiesel
BPEM
best practice environmental management
BPER
best practice environmental regulation
Bq
becquerel
BRI
building-related illness
BRS
Bureau of Rural Sciences
BTX
benzene, toluene, xylene
CASR No.
Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number
CBD
central business district
CCA
copper chromium arsenate
CFC
chlorofluorocarbon
CFS
chronic fatigue syndrome
CFU
colony-forming unit
CH4
methane
CI
confidence interval
CICAD
Concise International Chemical Assessment Document
CNG
compressed natural gas
CO
carbon monoxide
CO2
carbon dioxide
CSIRO
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
CWMC
Castlereagh Waste Management Centre
DBP
dibutyl phthalate
DDT
dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane
DEHP
di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate
DEST
Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories (Australian Commonwealth)
DGD
decision guidance document
DOAS
differential optical absorption spectroscopy
DOIZ
Dandenong Offensive Industries Zone
DNIPHE
Dutch National Institute of Public Health and the Environment
EA
Environment Australia
EASE
estimation and assessment of substance exposure
ECETOC
European Centre for Ecotoxicology and Toxicology of Chemicals
EIP
environment improvement plan
ENSO
El Niño southern oscillation
EPA Victoria
Environment Protection Authority Victoria
EPO
environment protection objective
EPP
environmental protection policy
ERA
environmentally relevant activities
ETS
environmental tobacco smoke
fg
femtogram (10-15 g)
GC/MS
gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
GVM
gross vehicle mass
HAP
hazardous air pollutant
HC
hydrocarbon
HCB
hexachlorobenzene
HDV
Heavy-duty vehicle
Hg
mercury
HPLC
high performance liquid chromatography
IAQ
indoor air quality
IARC
International Agency for Research on Cancer
ICNA
Industrial Chemicals (Notification and Assessment) Act 1989
INC
Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee
IPCS
International Program on Chemical Safety
IWMP
industrial waste management policy
LDV
light-duty vehicle
LOAEL
lowest observable adverse effect level
LoD
limit of detection
LOEL
lowest observed effect level
L+-NG
liquified natural gas
LPG
liquefied petroleum gas
LSD
low sulfur diesel
MAK
Maximale Arbeitplatz-Konzentration (Germany) – maximum workplace concentration
MAQS
Metropolitan Air Quality Study
MAS
Melbourne Aerosol Study
MBE
Measures for a Better Environment
MCS
multiple chemical sensitivity
MOE
margin of exposure
MPC
maximum permissible concentration
MRL
maximum residue limit
MS
mainstream smoke
MSDS
material safety data sheet
MVEC
Motor Vehicle Environment Committee
NAPS
National Air Pollution Surveillance (Canada)
NCI
National Cancer Institute (United States)
NEHF
National Environmental Health Forum
NEPC
National Environment Protection Council
NEPM
national environment protection measure
NFF
National Farmers Federation
ng
nanogram (10-9 g)
NGO
nongovernment organisation
NHD
Norwegian Health Directorate
NHMRC
National Health and Medical Research Council
NICNAS
National Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Scheme
NIOSH
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (United States)
NOAEL
no observable adverse effect level
NOEL
no observed effect level
NOHSC
National Occupational Health and Safety Commission, (formerly Worksafe Australia)
NOx
oxides of nitrogen
NPI
National Pollutant Inventory
NRA
National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals
NSW EPA
New South Wales Environment Protection Authority
O3
ozone
OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OHS
occupational health and safety
PAH
polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon
PAN
peroxyacetyl nitrate
PBT
persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic
PCB
polychlorinated biphenyl
PCDD
polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin)
PCDF
polychlorinated dibenzofuran (furan)
pCi
pico curie
PEC
priority existing chemicals
pg
picogram (10-12 g)
PHED
Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database
PIC
priority existing chemical
PM10
particulate matter with an equivalent aerodynamic diameter of 10 micrometres or less
PM5
particulate matter with an equivalent aerodynamic diameter of 5 micrometres or less
PM2.5
particulate matter with an equivalent aerodynamic diameter of 2.5 micrometres or less
POEM
predictive operator exposure model
POM
polycyclic organic matter
POP
persistent organic pollutant
ppb
parts per billion
ppbv
parts per billion volume
ppm
parts per million
PPSS
Perth Photochemical Smog Study
ppt
parts per trillion
PRC
Peer Review Committee
ROC
reactive organic compound
RSP
respirable suspended particles
RVP
Reid vapour pressure
SBS
sick building syndrome
SEPP
State environment protection policy
SG
Steering Group
SHED
sealed housing for evaporative determination
SIAR
screening information data set
SO2
sulfur dioxide
SoK
State of Knowledge Report
SPM
suspended particle matter
SS
sidestream smoke
STEL
short-term exposure limit
SUSDP
Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons
SVOC
semivolatile organic compound
TAG
Technical Advisory Group
TAP
Technical Advisory Panel
TCDD
2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo[p]dioxin
TDI
tolerable daily intake or toluene-2,4-diisocyanate
TEQ
toxic equivalents
TGA
Therapeutic Goods Administration
TSPs
total suspended particles
TWA
time-weighted average
TVOC
total volatile organic compounds
UFFI
urea-formaldehyde foam insulation
μg
micrograms (10-6 g)
UK HSE
United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive
ULS
ultra low-sulfur
UNECE
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme
US EPA
United States Environmental Protection Agency
US TRI
United States Toxic Release Inventory
VKT
vehicle kilometres travelled
VMDA
Veterinary Manufacturers and Distributors Association
VOC
volatile organic compound
WA DEP
Department of Environmental Protection of Western Australia
WHO
World Health Organization

Key

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